Zhoukoudian: A Closer Look [and Comments and Reply]

  title={Zhoukoudian: A Closer Look [and Comments and Reply]},
  author={Lewis Roberts Binford and Nancy M. Stone and Jean S. Aigner and Anna K. Behrensmeyer and Gary Haynes and J. W. Olsen and Lawrence C. Todd and You Yu-Zhu},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  pages={453 - 475}
On-site observations on the faunal collections remaining in Beijing from the prewar excavations of Zhoukoudian are reported. Assessments are made regarding the degree to which these collections represent both the faunal remains removed from the site. Comparative studies of the observed materials are then presented with the aim of assessing the relative roles of hominids and other denning animals. It is concluded that, given our current knowledge of diagnostic criteria, nonhominid denning… Expand
Sample selection, schlepp effects and scavenging: the implications of partial recovery for interpretations of the terrestrial mammal assemblage from Klasies River Mouth
Abstract Previous interpretations of the terrestrial mammalian assemblage from Klasies River Mouth, Cape Province, South Africa, are examined in the light of evidence for incomplete recovery ofExpand
A taphonomic study on the skeletal remains of Cervus (Sika) grayi from layer 3 of the Peking man site at Zhoukoudian during the 2009–2010 field seasons
It is proposed that the cave morphology during the formation of Layer 3 at the West Section was probably inhospitable to Homo erectus pekinensis and some individuals of this medium-sized deer species were probably trapped in the cave by accident and eventually preserved in situ in the Quaternary sediments. Expand
On the possible use of fire by Homo erectus at Zhoukoudian, China
For decades, the so-called Peking Man (Homo erectus pekinensis) at Zhoukoudian has been considered to be a hominin that engaged in the controlled production and management of fire. However,Expand
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Zhoukoudian Upper Cave Revisited
As with many archaeofaunal assemblages that were excavated before the 1970s, the faunal collection from the Late Paleolithic site of Zhoukoudian Upper Cave suffers from excavation‐ andExpand
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Abstract Ethological studies have shown that besides human groups, large-medium carnivores have bone-collecting habits. The research developed since the last half of the twentieth century hasExpand
Mapping and taphonomic analysis of the Homo erectus loci at Locality 1 Zhoukoudian, China.
Contextual relationships of fossil skeletal elements, relationships of carnivore damage and stone tool cutmarks on bone, and evidence of the burning of fresh bone associated with Homo erectus and stone tools support a model of transient hominid scavenging aided by the use of fire at the large hyenid den that became Zhoukoudian Locality 1. Expand


Taphonomy at a Distance: Zhoukoudian, "The Cave Home of Beijing Man"? [and Comments and Reply]
Zhoukoudian is often cited as yielding some of the earliest evidence for the use of fire and as documenting "man the hunter" living in caves during the Middle Pleistocene. In addition, it is commonlyExpand
On the possible utilization of Camelops by early man in North America
Camelops was a major faunal element in late Wisconsin biotic communities over much of North America. Interpretations of possible human association with Camelops are often based on poorly evaluatedExpand
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Observations on bones brought back to breeding dens by hyaenas in the Gemsbok National Parks have been made by the authors over a period of four years as part of a study on the biology of the brownExpand
The diet of early man: aspects of archaeological evidence from Lower and Middle Pleistocene Sites in Africa.
  • G. Isaac
  • Biology, Medicine
  • World archaeology
  • 1971
Abstract Evidence for Palaeolithic diet is critically reviewed, especially that from African sites. Methods of evaluating it, and some of the resulting socio‐economic conclusions, are examined.Expand
Sequence of sediments at Locality 1 in Zhoukoudian and correlation with loess stratigraphy in northern China and with the chronology of deep-sea cores
Abstract According to recent dating by several methods, the impressive cave sediments at Locality 1 at Zhoukoudian, about 40 m thick, have not only allowed the age of Peking Man to be established,Expand
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Summary The feeding habits of spotted hyaenas were recorded during a 2-year full-time study in the Lowveld of South Africa. The animals were observed for 335 h at night using artificial light.Expand
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The renewed activity in Plains Archaeology as a result of the salvage program of the River Basin Surveys of the Smithsonian Institution and cooperating agencies has reemphasized some very strikingExpand
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The Middle Stone Age (earlier upper Pleistocene) sites ofDie Kelders Cave I and Klasies River Mouth Cave I. southern Cape Province, South Africa, have provided faunal assemblages which imply thatExpand
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Fossils from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, show cutmarks which establish that hominids were using stone tools on animal tissues during the Lower Pleistocene in Africa. We identified cutmarks byExpand
Evidence of butchery and hominid activities at Torralba and Ambrona; an evaluation using microscopic techniques
Abstract Torralba and Ambrona have been interpreted as butchery sites for many years, a contention recently challenged; natural death or carnivore activities are invoked as an alternativeExpand