Zero Benefit

  title={Zero Benefit},
  author={Stephen L. Hoffman},
  journal={Educational Policy},
  pages={69 - 95}
This study estimates the effect of zero tolerance disciplinary policies on racial disparities in school discipline in an urban district. Capitalizing on a natural experiment, the abrupt expansion of zero tolerance discipline policies in a mid-sized urban school district, the study demonstrates that Black students in the district were disproportionately affected, with an additional 70 Black students per year recommended for expulsion following the policy change. Furthermore, the study uses… 

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