Zealous self-help groups as adjuncts to psychiatric treatment: a study of Recovery, Inc.

  title={Zealous self-help groups as adjuncts to psychiatric treatment: a study of Recovery, Inc.},
  author={Marc Galanter},
  journal={The American journal of psychiatry},
  volume={145 10},
  • M. Galanter
  • Published 1 October 1988
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American journal of psychiatry
In a controlled study of Recovery, Inc., a self-help program for people with psychiatric problems, the author found a decline in both symptoms and concomitant psychiatric treatment after subjects had joined the group. Scores for neurotic distress reported after joining were considerably lower than those reported for the period before joining. Scores for psychological well-being of longstanding Recovery members were no different from those of community control subjects, and fewer long-term… 

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  • M. Galanter
  • Psychology
    The American journal of psychiatry
  • 1990
The charismatic group is described, a generic model for such cohesive, intensely ideological movements that address psychiatric syndromes; these are directed at problems of the medically ill, substance abusers, and relatives of psychiatric patients.


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  • F. Markowitz
  • Psychology
    Health sociology review : the journal of the Health Section of the Australian Sociological Association
  • 2015
Using two-wave survey data from a sample of 553 persons with mental illnesses in self-help groups and outpatient services, it is found that ‘social selection’ effects – persons with greater symptoms and lower quality of life are less likely to be a part of self- help groups.

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The role of sharing one's personal story is highlighted as contributing to positively reauthoring one’s self-narrative and five work-environment-related mechanisms of beneficial impact are revealed.

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Investigating the associations among social support, recovery status and personal well-being in dually-diagnosed individuals using cross-sectional self-report data finds persons with higher levels of support and greater participation in dual-recovery mutual aid reported less substance use and mental health distress and higher levels-of-being.

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  • R. Omark
  • Medicine
    Psychological reports
  • 1979
Organizational beliefs and group processes in meetings of Recovery tend to “trap” members in the organization indefinitely, and the “power of positive thinking” about the success of the Recovery method discourages contact by members with other kinds of community mental health facilities, so that Recovery groups are isolated in the community.


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  • Medicine, Psychology
    The Journal of nervous and mental disease
  • 1960
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  • M. Galanter
  • Psychology
    Archives of general psychiatry
  • 1983
Study of members of the Unification Church found that the vulnerability of respondents to perceived life disruption was relived by their affiliation to the sect, and this "relief effect," associated with social and religious ties to the sects, apparently reinforces compliance with the group's behavorial norms.

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  • R. Ryback
  • Psychology
    Psychiatry in medicine
  • 1971

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