# ZN symmetry in SU(N) gauge theories

@article{Biswal2021ZNSI, title={ZN symmetry in SU(N) gauge theories}, author={Minati Biswal and Sanatan Digal and Vinod Mamale and Sabiar Shaikh}, journal={International Journal of Modern Physics A}, year={2021} }

In this paper, we study [Formula: see text] symmetry of [Formula: see text] gauge group, in one-dimensional gauged chain. The action can be obtained by considering the terms of a [Formula: see text]-dimensional Euclidean lattice action of a [Formula: see text] gauge theory that break the [Formula: see text] symmetry explicitly. The matter fields in the resulting partition function can be integrated out exactly, for a given background of link variables, to calculate the Polyakov loop free energy…

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### Confinement-deconfinement transition and Z2 symmetry in Z2+Higgs theory

- MathematicsModern Physics Letters A
- 2021

In this paper, we study the Polyakov loop and the [Formula: see text] symmetry in the lattice [Formula: see text] theory in four-dimensional space using Monte Carlo simulations. The results show that…