ZN symmetry in SU(N) gauge theories

@article{Biswal2021ZNSI,
  title={ZN symmetry in SU(N) gauge theories},
  author={Minati Biswal and Sanatan Digal and Vinod Mamale and Sabiar Shaikh},
  journal={International Journal of Modern Physics A},
  year={2021}
}
In this paper, we study [Formula: see text] symmetry of [Formula: see text] gauge group, in one-dimensional gauged chain. The action can be obtained by considering the terms of a [Formula: see text]-dimensional Euclidean lattice action of a [Formula: see text] gauge theory that break the [Formula: see text] symmetry explicitly. The matter fields in the resulting partition function can be integrated out exactly, for a given background of link variables, to calculate the Polyakov loop free energy…