Youth Sports & Public Health: Framing Risks of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in American Football and Ice Hockey

  title={Youth Sports \& Public Health: Framing Risks of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in American Football and Ice Hockey},
  author={Kathleen E. Bachynski and Daniel S. Goldberg},
  journal={The Journal of Law, Medicine \& Ethics},
  pages={323 - 333}
Children in North America, some as young as eleven or twelve, routinely don helmets and pads and are trained to move at high-speed for the purpose of engaging in repeated full-body collisions with each other. The evidence suggests that the forces generated by such impacts are sufficient to cause traumatic brain injury (TBI) among children. Moreover, there is only limited evidence supporting the efficacy of interventions typically used to reduce the risks of such hazards. What kind of risk… 

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