Young children's understanding of markedness in non-verbal communication*

  title={Young children's understanding of markedness in non-verbal communication*},
  author={Kristin Liebal and Malinda Carpenter and Michael Tomasello},
  journal={Journal of Child Language},
  pages={888 - 903}
ABSTRACT Speakers often anticipate how recipients will interpret their utterances. If they wish some other, less obvious interpretation, they may ‘mark’ their utterance (e.g. with special intonations or facial expressions). We investigated whether two- and three-year-olds recognize when adults mark a non-verbal communicative act – in this case a pointing gesture – as special, and so search for a not-so-obvious referent. We set up the context of cleaning up and then pointed to an object. Three… Expand
Two sources of meaning in infant communication: preceding action contexts and act-accompanying characteristics
  • Ulf Liszkowski
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2014
Findings reveal that before infants begin to speak they communicate in meaningful ways by binding preceding and simultaneous multisensory information to a communicative act. Expand
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Individual vs. Joint Perception: a Pragmatic Model of Pointing as Communicative Smithian Helping
The power of the Smithian pointing model is demonstrated by extending the Wumpus world, a classic AI task where a hunter hunts a monster with only partial observability of the world, by adding another agent as a guide who can only help by marking an observation already perceived by the hunter with a pointing. Expand
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Markedness in Linguistics
This article is a revision of the previous edition article by E. Battistella, volume 13, pp. 8945–8948, © 2001, Elsevier Ltd.
Effekte von Objekt-Familiarisierung auf die frühe gestische Kommunikation. Individuelle Unterschiede in Hinblick auf den späteren Wortschatz
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One-year-olds comprehend the communicative intentions behind gestures in a hiding game.
It is concluded that infants as young as 14 months of age can, in some situations, interpret an adult behaviour as a relevant communicative act done for them. Expand
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