Young children's understanding of markedness in non-verbal communication*

@article{Liebal2011YoungCU,
  title={Young children's understanding of markedness in non-verbal communication*},
  author={Kristin Liebal and Malinda Carpenter and Michael Tomasello},
  journal={Journal of Child Language},
  year={2011},
  volume={38},
  pages={888 - 903}
}
ABSTRACT Speakers often anticipate how recipients will interpret their utterances. If they wish some other, less obvious interpretation, they may ‘mark’ their utterance (e.g. with special intonations or facial expressions). We investigated whether two- and three-year-olds recognize when adults mark a non-verbal communicative act – in this case a pointing gesture – as special, and so search for a not-so-obvious referent. We set up the context of cleaning up and then pointed to an object. Three… Expand
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