Young Children in Institutional Care at Risk of Harm

@article{Johnson2006YoungCI,
  title={Young Children in Institutional Care at Risk of Harm},
  author={Rebecca Johnson and Kevin D. Browne and Catherine E. Hamilton-Giachritsis},
  journal={Trauma, Violence, \& Abuse},
  year={2006},
  volume={7},
  pages={34 - 60}
}
A recent survey has revealed a large number of young children in institutional care across Europe. Young children placed in institutional care without parents may be at risk of harm. This review considers systematically the research evidence on the impact of institutional care on brain growth, attachment, social behavior, and cognitive development. Analytical epidemiological study designs (i.e., including a control/comparison group) show that young children placed in institutional care are at… 
Maltreatment and mental health in institutional care--comparing early and late institutionalized children in Tanzania.
TLDR
It is concluded that adverse experiences in institutional care play an important role for early institutionalized children who need special care from adequately educated caregivers and countries such as Tanzania need policies that apply to all orphanages to ensure an adequate standard of quality in childcare.
A European Survey of the Number and Characteristics of Children Less than Three Years Old in Residential Care at Risk of Harm
TLDR
A survey of 33 European countries to identify the number and characteristics of children aged less than three years placed in residential care without their parents for more than three months during the year ending 31 December 2003 found great variation between countries for the proportion of young children in institutions and family foster care.
Children in Institutional and Alternative Care in Viet Nam: A Review of Current Policy and Practice
Children in need of special protection, including those who have suffered abuse or neglect, those who are orphaned or abandoned, those living with HIV/AIDS, those in conflict with the law, and those
A randomized controlled trial comparing foster care and institutional care for children with signs of reactive attachment disorder.
TLDR
Signs of the inhibited type of reactive attachment disorder responded quickly to placement in foster care; signs of the disinhibited type showed less robust resolution with foster placement, and lower baseline cognitive ability was linked to signs of reactive attach disorder.
Forgotten children? An update on young children in institutions across Europe.
TLDR
This article provides an update on a series of projects arguing that babies and small children aged less than 3years old, with or without disability, should not be placed in residential care without a parent or primary caregiver.
Fostering Child Development by Improving Care Quality: A Systematic Review of the Effectiveness of Structural Interventions and Caregiver Trainings in Institutional Care
TLDR
There must be greater efforts at preventing violence, abuse, and neglect of children living in institutional care and the advocate for combining attachment theory-based models with maltreatment prevention approaches and then testing them using rigorous scientific standards.
Predictors of Better Functioning among Institutionalized Youth: A Systematic Review
The majority of research on youth in institutional care has focused on negative developmental outcomes. However, experiencing institutional care does not guarantee detrimental results. A growing body
Strength-based Case Management for Children in Institutional Care
The family’s influence on a child’s life is an unquestionable truth. The preamble of the convention on the rights of the child states that ‘... the child, for the full and harmonious development of
The mental health of children in out-of-home care
TLDR
It is recommended that assessment and intervention are provided by clinical teams that have specialist knowledge of children in care, and that use an ecological approach to assessment.
Exploring Ways to Build a Positive Group Climate in Residential Care for 4-15 Year Old Children
Objective: The outcome of institutional youth care for children is heavily debated. This multilevel meta-analysis aims to address the outcome of institutional youth care compared to non-institutional
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 82 REFERENCES
Child Care, Developmental Delay and Institutional Practice
Child care, developmental delay and institutional practice This research draws on Valsiner's (1987) individual socio- ecological approach to development, and Miller and Goodnow's (1995) concept of a
Attachment disturbances in young children. I: The continuum of caretaking casualty.
TLDR
The continuum of caretaking casualty is reflected by increasing signs of disordered attachment in toddlers living in more socially depriving environments, and cluster analysis suggested that mixed patterns are more typical.
The Effects Of Early Institutional Care On Adolescent Personality
This research resulted from a general in terest in the phenomenon of infant depriva tion and a particular interest in the infant institution as a case in point. In a previous study (4), a comparison
Children who have been "in care"--an epidemiological study.
  • S. Wolkind, M. Rutter
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 1973
SUMMARY An epidemiological study of psychiatric disorder among 10 to 11-year-old children in two communities showed a strong association in boys between antisocial disorder and a history of a
Institutional Care and Developmental Outcomes of 6- and 7-year-old Children: A Contextualist Perspective
This paper examines effects of institutional settings on cognitive, affective, and personal development of children. Two samples consisting of 52 children, living in orphanages, and 45 kindergarten
Behavior Patterns Associated with Institutional Deprivation: A Study of Children Adopted from Romania
TLDR
The primary factor affecting the prevalence and persistence of the behaviors was the length of time the children had spent in institutional deprivation.
EFFECTS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DEPRIVATION IN INFANCY AND SUBSEQUENT STIMULATION
This study stemmed from an interest in the broad problem of psychological deprivation of infants and a practical interest in the related problem of institutional deprivation as such. Fifteen
Attachment disturbances and disorders in children exposed to early severe deprivation
Attachment disorder has garnered considerable attention in recent years. Despite the clear clinical and theoretical importance of attachment disorder, however, there are remarkably few systematic
The effect of early institutional rearing on the development of eight year old children.
  • B. Tizard, J. Hodges
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 1978
TLDR
The adopted children had the highest mean I. Q, and reading achievements; this finding appears to be related to the higher social class of the adoptive parents and the poorer emotional adjustment of the children restored to their biological families.
Child abuse and neglect and the brain--a review.
  • D. Glaser
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 2000
TLDR
The importance of early intervention and attention to the chronicity of environmental adversity may indicate the need for permanent alternative caregivers, in order to preserve the development of the most vulnerable children.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...