Yoga Improves Balance and Low-Back Pain, but Not Anxiety, in People with Parkinson's Disease.

  title={Yoga Improves Balance and Low-Back Pain, but Not Anxiety, in People with Parkinson's Disease.},
  author={Peter S Myers and Elinor C Harrison and Kerri Sharp Rawson and Adam P. Horin and Ellen N. Sutter and Marie E Mcneely and Gammon M. Earhart},
  journal={International journal of yoga therapy},
Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) experience postural instability, low-back pain (LBP), and anxiety. These symptoms increase the risk of falls and decrease quality of life. Research shows yoga improves balance and decreases LBP and anxiety in healthy adults, but its effects in PD are poorly understood. All participants were part of a larger intervention study. Participants received pretest and posttest evaluations, including the Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest), Beck Anxiety… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Effects of Yoga on Patients with Parkinson's Disease: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
The pooled results showed the benefits of yoga in improving motor function, balance, functional mobility, reducing anxiety and depression, and increasing QoL in PD patients.
Management of Pain in Parkinson’s Disease
This review gives an overview on how pain is treated in PD patients and how patients assess the effectiveness of these therapies; here, the manuscript focuses on pathophysiology-driven suggestions for a multimodal pain management in clinical practice.
Chronic Pain Treatment Strategies in Parkinson’s Disease
PD pathology is thought to have a modulating effect on pain sensation, which could amplify pain, and this could help explain a portion of the higher incidence of chronic pain felt by PD patients.
The Relationship Between Anxiety Disorders and Parkinson’s Disease: Clinical and Therapeutic Issues
A third of PD patients suffer from an anxiety disorder at any time point, which can precede or follow PD motor symptoms, and the available screening tools and different treatment modalities are reviewed.
Non-motor complications in late stage Parkinson’s disease: recognition, management and unmet needs
While dopamine-dependent NMS may improve with dopamine replacement therapy, non-dopamine dependent NMS worsen progressively and culminate at the late stages of PD.
Pain in Parkinson's disease: Mechanism-based treatment strategies.
Overall, recent research findings highlight the analgesic effects of dopaminergic and opioidergic medication for certain subtypes of pain in PwP, whereas proposing novel strategies that involve targeting other neurotransmitter pathways are highlighted.
Role of yoga in Parkinson’s disease-A comprehensive update of the literature
  • Dutta Rajib
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of Neuroscience and Neurological Disorders
  • 2020
Yoga has been suggested in recent past by research community as a treatment of various disorders ranging from anxiety to neurological disorders like multiple sclerosis (MS). However the scienti ic


Performance on clinical tests of balance in Parkinson's disease.
Although there was a small sample size, performance was highly consistent across 7 days when testing occurred during peak dosage of levodopa, demonstrating differences between the subjects with PD and the comparison group and between the fallers and nonfallers with PD.
Characteristics and exacerbating factors of chronic low back pain in Parkinson’s disease
It is demonstrated that exacerbating factors of LBP include stage of motor function, motor complications of PD and stooped posture with decreased lumbar lordosis and range of lumbars movement, which are important for treating chronic LBP in patients with Parkinson’s disease.
Effect of Yoga on Motor Function in People with Parkinson's Disease: A Randomized, Controlled Pilot Study
Findings suggest that yoga practice improves motor function which may be partially explained by improvements in balance, strength, posture and gait.
Progression of postural changes in Parkinson’s disease: quantitative assessment
Investigation of risk factors associated with flexed posture in Parkinson’s disease patients found older age, disease severity and duration, presence of back-pain and osteoporosis, and physical activity might slow the worsening of postural abnormalities in PD.
Effects of Dance on Gait and Balance in Parkinson’s Disease: A Comparison of Partnered and Nonpartnered Dance Movement
The authors compared the effects of partnered and nonpartnered dance on balance and mobility in 39 people with mild-moderate PD and found that both groups significantly improved on the Berg Balance Scale, comfortable and fast-as-possible walking velocity, and cadence.
The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) to Differentiate Balance Deficits
The theoretical framework, interrater reliability, and preliminary concurrent validity for this new instrument, the Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest), which aims to target 6 different balance control systems so that specific rehabilitation approaches can be designed for different balance deficits are presented.
Impact of an exercise program on physical, emotional, and social aspects of quality of life of individuals with Parkinson's disease
The program of physical activity performed with persons with Parkinson's disease at light to moderate stages resulted in improvements in their perception of QL, mainly in the domains of ER, SI, and PA.
Falls in Parkinson's disease
No dramatic breakthroughs have occurred during the review period, but new information in various areas may be useful for practising clinicians in the development of improved treatment strategies to reduce falls in Parkinson's disease.
The evolution of disability in Parkinson disease
The benchmarks of disability in this study provide guidance when counseling patients about prognosis and better understanding of the stages of disability may facilitate the development of novel outcome measures in clinical trials in PD.