Yet So Far : Why Solutions to the Closeness Problem for the Doctrine of Double Effect Fall Short

@inproceedings{Nelkin2013YetSF,
  title={Yet So Far : Why Solutions to the Closeness Problem for the Doctrine of Double Effect Fall Short},
  author={Dana Kay Nelkin and Samuel C. Rickless},
  year={2013}
}
According to the classical Doctrine of Double Effect (DDE), there is a morally significant difference between intending harm and merely foreseeing harm. Versions of DDE have been defended in a variety of creative ways, but there is one difficulty, the so-called “closeness problem”, that continues to bedevil all of them. The problem is that an agent’s intention can always be identified in such a fine-grained way as to eliminate an intention to harm from almost any situation, including those that… CONTINUE READING