Yellow rain — a palynological analysis

  title={Yellow rain — a palynological analysis},
  author={Joan W. Nowicke and Matthew Meselson},
Yellow rain, purported to be an agent of toxin warfare in South-East Asia, contains a high percentage of pollen. Analysis of this pollen in yellow rain samples suggests that they are the faeces of honey bees. 
Trichothecenes and yellow rain: Possible biological warfare agents
‘Yellow Rain’, an alleged biological warfare agent thought to be utilized in parts of both South East Asia and Afghanistan, may be composed in part of the mycotoxins, trichothecenes. However, more
Pyrolysis-mass spectrometry methodology applied to southeast Asian environmental samples for differentiating digested and undigested pollens.
Classification des echantillons relativement a un ensemble d'etalons (pollen, feces d'abeille, miel, cire d'abeille)
Pollen and Spores in Yellow Rain from Lucknow, Northern India
The study broadly suggests that palynomorphs recovered from yellow droppings are not fully airborne; rather, they are the types that honey bees gather from crop fields to feed their young, and could be helpful in aerobiological research.
Trichothecenes : from Yellow Rain to Green Wheat Natural trichothecenes are a chronic problem in agriculture , but revived concerns extend to their potential use as agents of bioterror
M ore than 20 years ago, trichothecene mycotoxins made their controversial debut on the world stage. Alexander Haig, who was U.S. Secretary of State and visiting the western sector of then-divided
Pollen Dispersal Across the Southern Alps, South Island, New Zealand
The aim of this research was to improve the understanding of modem pollen deposition in central South Island in order to interpret Quaternary pollen profiles. This was accomplished by examining the
Forensic Palynology and the Ruidoso, New Mexico Plane Crash—The Pollen Evidence II
The crash of a private plane near Ruidoso, New Mexico in 1989 resulted in an investigation of a small mass of biological material isolated from a tubular component of the fuel assembly. Part of the
Bibliography of Apis cerana Fabricius (1793)
This bibliography of the published literature on Apis cerana was compiled from 2687 references written by 2002 authors and were published in 449 periodicals, conference proceedings, theses, reports
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A review of the literature, compiled over the past 40 years suggests new directions for theories discussing the evolution of reproductive isolation and entomophily in angiosperms. Data on breeding
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Forensic Ecology, Botany, and Palynology: Some Aspects of Their Role in Criminal Investigation
Attempts to make forensic palynology ‘more scientific’ by the construction of test trials, the application of current statistical techniques, mathematical modelling, and reference to aerobiological data and pollen calendars appear to be of limited use in the forensic context where outcomes are scrutinised in court.


Presence of four Fusarium mycotoxins and synthetic material in 'yellow rain'. Evidence for the use of chemical weapons in Laos.
Analysis of a 'yellow rain' sample by selected ion monitoring revealed the presence of three trichothecenes: T-2 toxin, diacetoxyscirpenol and 4-deoxynivalenol in concentrations of at least 48, 42
The apology of yellow rain.