Yellow Fever Immunities in West Africa and the Americas in the Age of Slavery and Beyond: A Reappraisal

  title={Yellow Fever Immunities in West Africa and the Americas in the Age of Slavery and Beyond: A Reappraisal},
  author={Sheldon J. Watts},
  journal={Journal of Social History},
  pages={955 - 967}
  • S. Watts
  • Published 1 June 2001
  • History
  • Journal of Social History
This article is a case study in applied objectivity as understood by mainstream historians. It addresses the problem of disease determinism exemplified by late nineteenth and twentieth century interpretations of the role played by yellow fever in "determining;SPMquot; the ethnic composition of the Caribbean Islands, the American South and the Atlantic coastal zones of Central and South America. In its extreme form yellow fever determinism held that the Christian God created Africans immune to… 
The Question of Racial Immunity to Yellow Fever in History and Historiography
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    The Americas
  • 2009
Between 1802 and 1849, cholera and influenza pandemics killed hundreds of thousands from Shanghai to Seville to New York, but these diseases did not dip below the South American portion of the
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The Yellow Fever epidemic of 1793 is discussed, and it is noted that the official descriptions given by the doctors of the time are not the entire story and that they leave some important things out.
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A preliminary analysis of the sociodemographic profile of deaths recorded during the first cholera epidemic in Rio de Janeiro, based on data gathered from death records at Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital, helps to better understand aspects of theslave universe in the urban zone of Rio de Rio in the period following the end of the slave trade.
Perspectives on an Epidemic: The Yellow Fever in 1793 Philadelphia
This article discusses the Yellow Fever epidemic of 1793, and how there are several different accounts of what happened then. It also notes that the official descriptions given by the doctors of the
The Absence of Yellow Fever in Asia: History, Hypotheses, Vector Dispersal, Possibility of YF in Asia, and Other Enigmas
The history first and then critically examine in depth major hypotheses proposed in light of accumulated data, global dispersal of the principal vector, patterns of YF transmission, persistence of urban transmission, and the possibility of yellow fever in Asia are critically examined.
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The article offers a preliminary analysis of the sociodemographic profile of deaths recorded during the first cholera epidemic in Rio de Janeiro, based on data gathered from death records at Santa


Yellow Fever and the South
In the last half of the nineteenth century, yellow fever plagued the American South. It stalked the region's steaming cities, killing its victims with overwhelming hepatitis and hemorrhage. Margaret
Another Dimension to the Black Diaspora: Diet, Disease and Racism
This is an engrossing study of black disease immunities and susceptibilities and their impact on both slavery and racism. Its pages interweave the nutritional, biological, and medical sciences with
Black yellow fever immunities, innate and acquired, as revealed in the American South.
West Africa’s disease environment of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries was decidedly hazardous to the health of Europeans who ventured there, but Europeans were persuaded by the lethal nature of West African fevers to locate those plantations instead in the more salubrious New World.
Plagues and Peoples
Professor McNeill, through an accumulation of evidence, demonstrates the central role of pestilence in human affairs and the extent to which it has changed the course of history.
Yellow fever: Victor, Victoria? Conqueror, conquest? Epidemics and research in the last forty years and prospects for the future.
  • T. Monath
  • Medicine
    The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
  • 1991
Although discovery of the jungle cycle of yellow fever transmission in 1935 dispelled hopes of ever eradicating the disease, widescale use of vaccines in the 1940s and systematic efforts to subdue Ae.
The Social basis of health and healing in Africa
This chapter discusses the decline and rise of AFRICAN POPULATION and the social CONTEXT of health and disease, as well as medical knowledge and urban planning in Colonial Tropical Africa.
Yellow fever & public health in the New South
The public health movement in the South began in the wake of a yellow fever epidemic that devastated the lower Mississippi Valley in 1878--a disaster that caused 20,000 deaths and financial losses of
Medicine and Slavery: The Diseases and Health Care of Blacks in Antebellum Virginia
'Widely regarded as the most comprehensive study of its kind, this volume offers valuable insight into the alleged medical differences between whites and blacks that translated as racial inferiority