Recombinant protein subunit vaccine synthesis in microbes: a role for yeast?
- Roslyn M Bill
- The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology
Active and passive immunizations with Aβ and Aβ antibodies successfully reduced AD pathology and improved cognitive functions in an AD mouse model. However, human clinical trials of vaccination with synthetic Aβ(AN1792), were halted due to brain inflammation, presumably induced by T cell-mediated immune response. In this study, we used Picha pastoris to produce a recombinant peptide vaccine, r4 × Aβ15(recombinant 4 × Aβ15), four tandem repeats of Aβ(1-15) interlinked by spacers . Wild-type mice were injected subcutaneously with CFA/IFA as adjuvant. r4 × Aβ15 vaccine elicited high titer anti-Aβ antibodies which bound to Aβ plaque in brain tissue from Tg2576 mouse. The antibody isotype was mainly IgG(1), indicating anti-inflammatory Th2 type. There was no splenocyte proliferation against Aβ peptide, which indicates that the r4 × Aβ15 vaccine does not induce Aβ-specific T cellular immune response. Thus, r4 × Aβ15 vaccine may be a safe and efficient vaccine for AD.