Yarn geometry in woven fabrics

@article{Ozgen2011YarnGI,
  title={Yarn geometry in woven fabrics},
  author={Banu Ozgen and Hugh Gong},
  journal={Textile Research Journal},
  year={2011},
  volume={81},
  pages={738 - 745}
}
  • B. Ozgen, H. Gong
  • Published 1 May 2011
  • Materials Science
  • Textile Research Journal
Geometrical models of textile structures are important to the design, manufacture and performance prediction of textile related products. The models existing in the textile literature do not take into account the variable deformation of the yarn cross-section along the yarn path and this seriously limits the accuracy of these models. The main aim of our study was to investigate how the yarn cross-section shape changes along the yarn path in the woven fabrics and how these changes relate to the… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

MODELLING THE CROSS-SECTIONAL PROPERTIES OF YARN
Three dimensional (3-D) fabric geometry defines the fabric’s physical and mechanical properties. For this reason, it is important to obtain realistic fabric models. In this study, the yarn path of
Variation of the yarn cross-section in fabric
The aim of this study is to investigate the cross-sectional shape and size variation of the yarn in fabric depending on the structural parameters of fabric. For this reason, the dimensions of the
Geometric structure model of plain woven fabric based on progressive spring-slide mechanics
The geometric structure of woven fabric affects the appearance and physical properties and can be used to predict the weavability of the fabric. An accurate description of the structure is beneficial
Modelling of multifilament woven fabric structure using Fourier series
Abstract Woven fabric structure and geometry has been described mathematically but not as good as it should be. In this study, an attempt is made to create a theoretical model on the geometry of
Description of fabric thickness and roughness on the basis of fabric structure parameters
This paper focuses on the evaluation of thread interlacing and its influence on some of the end-use properties of woven fabric, especially its influence fabric thickness and roughness. Weaves and
Description of fabric thickness and roughness on the basis of fabric structure parameters
This paper focuses on the evaluation of thread interlacing and its influence on some of the end-use properties of woven fabric, especially its influence fabric thickness and roughness. Weaves and
Methodology for Evaluation of Fabric Geometry on the Basis of the Fabric Cross-Section
Technical University of Liberec, Faculty of Textile Engineering, Department of Textile Technology, Liberec, Czech Republic, E-mail: brigita.kolcavova@tul.cz, monika.vysanska@tul.cz Abstract A woven
Mechanical characterization of basalt woven fabric composites: numerical and experimental investigation
Basalt fabric composite, with different twill wave reinforcements, i.e. twill 2/2 and twill 1/3, have been studied in this work by means of experimental tests and numerical finite element (FE)
Modelling of reinforcement two-layer stitched woven fabric structure intended for composites
Abstract The main aim of this study is to establish a model for evaluating the internal geometry of two-layer stitched woven fabric structure. It starts with the basic description of the geometry of
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 21 REFERENCES
Modeling of Yarn Cross-Section in Plain Woven Fabric
This paper presents models of yarn cross-sectional shape in plain woven fabric. Various yarn and fabric parameters, including fiber type, yarn count, yarn twist factor, and cover factor, were used as
Geometric and algebraic algorithms for modelling yarn in woven fabrics
TLDR
By using asymptotic iterative approximation, a new algorithm for creating B-spline curves using periodic interpolation is developed, where the actual curve shape passes through the control points of B- spline.
7—A GENERAL SYSTEM OF WOVEN-FABRIC GEOMETRY
The principles of plain-weave geometry established by Peirce1 and Kemp2 are extended to weaves other than plain to give a system of fabric geometry applicable to all types of woven cloths. A
12—AN ENERGY METHOD FOR CALCULATIONS IN FABRIC MECHANICS PART II: EXAMPLES OF APPLICATION OF THE METHOD TO WOVEN FABRICS
In the preceding paper, an energy method for performing calculations in fabric mechanics, together with appropriate computational techniques, was described. The present paper contains examples of
22—A THEORETICAL ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE PLAIN SQUARE WEAVE. PART I: THE EFFECT OF SETT AND DEGREE OF RELAXATION ON THE MEASURED CROSS-SECTIONAL DIMENSIONS OF YARNS
The effects of cover factor and state of relaxation on the cross-sectional dimensions of woven yarns are examined. A method for obtaining a more accurate value of the calculated yarn diameter is
52—A THEORETICAL ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE PLAIN SQUARE WEAVE. PART III: THE GEOMETRY OF THE PLAIN SQUARE WEAVE
Geometrical and physical models Tor plain-woven square configurations are examined and used with results from experimental fabrics at four levels of relaxation. The suitability of these models is
Physical Testing of Textiles
Textiles and moisture Fibre dimensions Yarn tests Strength and elongation tests Dimensional stability Serviceability Comfort Colour fastness testing Objective evaluation of fabric handle Quality.
...
1
2
3
...