author={Kjerstin Thorson and Kevin Driscoll and Brian Ekdale and Stephanie Edgerly and Liana Gamber Thompson and Andrew R. Schrock and Lana Swartz and Emily K. Vraga and Chris Wells},
  journal={Information, Communication \& Society},
  pages={421 - 451}
Videos stored on YouTube served as a valuable set of communicative resources for publics interested in the Occupy movement. This article explores this loosely bound media ecology, focusing on how and what types of video content are shared and circulated across both YouTube and Twitter. Developing a novel data-collection methodology, a population of videos posted to YouTube with Occupy-related metadata or circulated on Twitter alongside Occupy-related keywords during the month of November 2011… 
Beyond Views: Measuring and Predicting Engagement on YouTube Videos
This paper presents a first large-scale measurement of video-level aggregate engagement from publicly available data streams, on a collection of 5.3 million YouTube videos published over two months in 2016, and defines a new metric, relative engagement, that is calibrated against video properties and strongly correlate with recognized notions of quality.
The Rules of Engagement: Comparing Two Social Protest Movements on YouTube
It is suggested that social activism in online spaces such as YouTube is not easily defined, but is adapted to suit movement needs-which makes social media a popular and flexible venue for activism but also highlights the challenges for scholars studying such venues.
Broadcasting the Movement and Branding Political Microcelebrities: Finnish Anti-Immigration Video Practices on YouTube
This paper examines how the video-sharing platform YouTube was utilized by networks of anti-immigration activists that began emerging in Finland during the so-called refugee crisis in 2015. By
Social media platforms have begun to be quite widely used as alternatives of the conventional media among the young in the recent years. The ratings and number of users of YouTube – a social media
Twitter and video activism as tools for counter-surveillance: the case of social protests in Spain
ABSTRACT From a communication perspective, social movements of international significance such as the Arab Spring, Toronto G20, Spanish 15M or Occupy Wall Street have been characterized by the use of
How live videos and stories in social media influence tourist opinions and behaviour
The results show what kind of effects live videos and stories can have in communicating authenticity/proximity, to generate tourist experiences, to make a destination more attractive, and to create an enticing destination image.
Hashtags and information virality in networked social movement: Examining hashtag co-occurrence patterns
The authors found that the role of hashtag influencing information virality may vary based on the context of the tweets, and implications on how hashtag type and event dynamics may shape hashtag co-occurrence patterns were discussed.
The politics of musical activism: Western YouTube reception of Pussy Riot’s punk performances
Various scholars have studied the relationship between music and politics. Most, however, focus on how governments and political parties on the one hand and movements and activists on the other use
Online Social Capital in Political Contexts: Does the Online Make Any Difference?
This paper is a first attempt to provide a detailed and systematic account of social capital in online networks. Based on the Twitter conversations behind the Occupy Movement, this paper presents an
Structural Patterns of the Occupy Movement on Facebook
A peculiar example of social organization on Facebook: the Occupy Movement is studied, which finds that activities are not locally coordinated by geographically close pages, but are driven by pages linked to major US cities that act as hubs within the various groups.


YouTube: Online Video and Participatory Culture
This session discusses work in the forthcoming Polity title YouTube: Online Video and Participatory Culture by Joshua Green and Jean Burgess, which discusses the ways that it relates to wider transformations in culture, society and the economy.
Performing citizenship on YouTube: activism, satire and online debate around the anti-Islam video Fitna
In this article we examine the hundreds of videos that were posted to YouTube in response to the fierce anti-Islam video Fitna. We use this case to analyse whether and how the participatory
#Occupy Wall Street
Recent events suggest that social media, also called web 2.0, can support mass social change. Although some critics have lamented how social media are eroding people’s ability to communicate, others
The use of Twitter hashtags in the formation of ad hoc publics
As the use of Twitter has become more commonplace throughout many nations, its role in political discussion has also increased. This has been evident in contexts ranging from general political
Social Media and the Organization of Collective Action: Using Twitter to Explore the Ecologies of Two Climate Change Protests
The Twitter Revolutions of 2009 reinvigorated the question of whether new social media have any real effect on contentious politics. In this article, the authors argue that evaluating the relation
The politics of ‘platforms’
Online content providers such as YouTube are carefully positioning themselves to users, clients, advertisers and policymakers, making strategic claims for what they do and do not do, and how their
The Arab Spring| The Revolutions Were Tweeted: Information Flows during the 2011 Tunisian and Egyptian Revolutions
This article details the networked production and dissemination of news on Twitter during snapshots of the 2011 Tunisian and Egyptian Revolutions as seen through information flows—sets of
The Wealth of (Occupation) Networks? Communication Patterns and Information Distribution in a Twitter Protest Network
ABSTRACT Can social media facilitate better protest action organization and coordination? This question has been at the forefront of discussion between media pundits and academic scholars. But what
Affective News and Networked Publics: The Rhythms of News Storytelling on #Egypt
This study traces the rhythms of news storytelling on Twitter via the #egypt hashtag. Using computational discourse analysis, we examine news values and the form of news exhibited in #egypt from
The US hybrid comedy/public affairs programs The Daily Show and The Colbert Report have become surprising media spaces in which a wide variety of political and social activists are allowed to advance