Y Chromosome and Mitochondrial DNA Variation in Lithuanians

  title={Y Chromosome and Mitochondrial DNA Variation in Lithuanians},
  author={Dalia Kasperavi{\vc}iūtė and Vaidutis Ku{\vc}inskas and Mark Stoneking},
  journal={Annals of Human Genetics},
The genetic composition of the Lithuanian population was investigated by analysing mitochondrial DNA hypervariable region 1, RFLP polymorphisms and Y chromosomal biallelic and STR markers in six ethnolinguistic groups of Lithuanians, to address questions about the origin and genetic structure of the present day population. There were no significant genetic differences among ethnolinguistic groups, and an analysis of molecular variance confirmed the homogeneity of the Lithuanian population… 

Genetic Variation and Genomic Origin of Lithuanians

  • Biology
  • 2014
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Comparison of theY-STR data suggests that Lithuanian and Latvian populations are closely related not only by geography and language but also by the Y chromosome gene pool represented by forensic Y-STR markers.

Population Genetics of Latvians in the Context of Admixture between North-Eastern European Ethnic Groups

Although mtDNA analyses have shown that Latvians genetically in general belong to the same common gene pool as most of the Europeans, the Y-chromosomal lineage composition suggests that they are most similar to Northern and Eastern European populations of Lithuanians, Estonians, and Eastern-Slavic populations, which are ethnogenetically closest to them.

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This work generates genome-wide high-density SNP genotype data in 425 individuals from six geographical regions in Lithuania and combined the dataset with available ancient and modern data to explore genetic population structure, ancestry components and signatures of natural positive selection in the Lithuanian population.

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More than a third of Latvian paternal lineages belong specifically to a recently defined R1a‐M558 hg, indicating an influence from a common source within Eastern Slavic populations on the formation of the present‐dayLatvian Y‐chromosome gene pool.

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The Lithuanians represent a partially isolated population maintaining an ancient genetic composition and show genetic uniqueness in European comparisons, and the genetic diversity analysis of geographically specific regions may provide new insights into microevolutionary processes affecting local human populations.

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The origin of Yakuts: Analysis of the Y-chromosome haplotypes

The results suggest a significant contribution of the local Paleolithic component to the Y-chromosome gene pool of Yakuts and Ethnogenetic reconstructions were inferred from the diversity and phylogeography of the N3a haplogroup in Siberia.

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The central position of the population of Ukraine in the network of insignificant AMOVA comparisons, and the lack of traces of significant contribution of ancient tribes inhabiting present-day Poland to the gene pool of Eastern and Southern Slavs, support hypothesis placing the earliest known homeland of Slavs in the middle Dnieper basin.

Genetic Heritage of the Balto-Slavic Speaking Populations: A Synthesis of Autosomal, Mitochondrial and Y-Chromosomal Data

The data suggest that genetic diversity of the present-day Slavs was predominantly shaped in situ, and a pattern of distribution of segments identical by descent between groups of East-West and South Slavs suggests shared ancestry or a modest gene flow between those two groups, which might derive from the historic spread of Slavic people.



Y-Chromosomal Diversity Suggests that Baltic Males Share Common Finno-Ugric-Speaking Forefathers

The genetic similarity existing between Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian men suggests that they originate from the same male founder population, and it is proposed that Baltic males share a common Finno-Ugric ancestry.

Y chromosomal DNA variation and the peopling of Japan.

Four loci mapping to the nonrecombining portion of the Y chromosome were genotyped in Japanese populations from Okinawa, the southernmost island of Japan; Shizuoka and Aomori on the main island of Honshu; and a small sample of Taiwanese, confirming the irregular distribution of this polymorphism in Asia.

Population genetics of Lithuanians

The results of the research have shown small differences between present-day Lithuanian ethnolinguistic groups, which probably go back to the prehistoric Baltic tribal structure.

Population genetics of Lithuanians.

The primary objective of this article was to overview the present-day knowledge on genetic features of the Lithuanian population. Genetic differentiation within the Lithuanian population and the

Mitochondrial DNA variability in Russians and Ukrainians: Implication to the origin of the Eastern Slavs

It is concluded that the Slavonic migrations in early Middle Ages from their putative homeland in central Europe to the east of Europe were accompanied mostly by the same mtDNA types characteristic for the pre‐Slavonic populations of eastern Europe.

Human mitochondrial DNA variation in Lithuania.

  • V. Kučinskas
  • Biology
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht uber die biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
  • 1994
Measurements of genetic distance were small between Lithuanians and Finns and increased gradually in comparison between Lithuanian and Mediterranean populations, Asiatic Mongoloids and African Blacks, respectively.

Y-chromosomal diversity in Europe is clinal and influenced primarily by geography, rather than by language.

These patterns retain a strong signal of expansion from the Near East but also suggest that the demographic history of Europe has been complex and influenced by other major population movements, as well as by linguistic and geographic heterogeneities and the effects of drift.

Mitochondrial DNA variation and the origin of the Europeans

Estimated expansion times indicate a Paleolithic event with important differences among populations according to their geographical position and thus a slower tempo than previously believed and the replacement of Neanderthals by anatomically modern humans may have been a slower and more complex process than cultural change suggests.

Mitochondrial DNA sequences in single hairs from a southern African population.

Evidence of geographic structuring of the mitochondrial diversity in Africa, together with knowledge of the rate of accumulation of base changes in human mtDNA, implies that the average rate at which female lineages have moved their home bases during hunter-gatherer times could be as low as 13 meters per year.

mtDna and the islands of the North Atlantic: estimating the proportions of Norse and Gaelic ancestry.

Admixture analyses indicate that the ancestral contributions of mtDNA lineages from Scandinavia to the populations of Iceland, Orkney, the Western Isles, and the Isle of Skye are 37.5%, 35.