Xylometazoline pretreatment reduces nasotracheal intubation-related epistaxis in paediatric dental surgery.

@article{ElSeify2010XylometazolinePR,
  title={Xylometazoline pretreatment reduces nasotracheal intubation-related epistaxis in paediatric dental surgery.},
  author={Zeinab Ahmed El-Seify and Ahmed Metwally Khattab and Atallah A. Shaaban and Osama S. Metwalli and Hassan Elsiddig Hassan and Layal Fares Ajjoub},
  journal={British journal of anaesthesia},
  year={2010},
  volume={105 4},
  pages={501-5}
}
BACKGROUND Epistaxis is the most common complication encountered during nasotracheal intubation (NTI) in children. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of prophylactic intranasal admixture of xylometazoline and local anaesthetic gel in reducing epistaxis after NTI in children. METHODS Children presenting for dental procedures requiring NTI were randomly allocated into two groups: Group 1 (xylometazoline group, n=53) and Group 2 (control group, n=51). After sevoflurane inhalation… CONTINUE READING

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