Xylohypha emmonsii sp. nov., a new agent of phaeohyphomycosis

@article{Padhye1988XylohyphaES,
  title={Xylohypha emmonsii sp. nov., a new agent of phaeohyphomycosis},
  author={Arvind A. Padhye and Michael R. Mcginnis and Libero Ajello and Francis W. Chandler},
  journal={Journal of Clinical Microbiology},
  year={1988},
  volume={26},
  pages={702 - 708}
}
Xylohypha emmonsii Padhye, McGinnis et Ajello is described as a new dematiaceous opportunistic pathogen of humans and lower animals. This hyphomycete differs from X. bantiana (Saccardo) McGinnis, Padhye, Borelli et Ajello by its inability to grow at 40 degrees C and by the development of short chains of asymmetrically bent to ellipsoid blastoconidia. In brain tissue of mice, experimentally infected with X. emmonsii, the host response to the invading fungus was similar to that observed in mice… 
Subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Xylohypha emmonsii
The first human phaeohyphomycotic infection caused by Xylohypha emmonsii is described. The patient, an 83-year-old woman, developed a purpuric lesion on her left arm. The pale brown fungal elements
Cutaneous phaeohyphomycosis due to Cladophialophora bantiana.
Bipolaris, Exophiala, Scedosporium, Sporothrix, and Other Melanized Fungi*
TLDR
In this chapter, the genera are treated according to their ordinal relationships and direct identification of fungal genera from tissue blocks using immunohistochemistry, in situ DNA hybridization, or DNA sequencing will be a promising approach to rapid detection and identification of these agents.
The medically important dematiaceous fungi and their identification
Summary. Dematiaceous fungi include a large group of organisms that are darkly pigmented (dark brown, olivaceous, or black). In most cases the pigment is melanin, and specifically,
Infections due to Xylohypha bantiana (Cladosporium trichoides).
TLDR
Thirty culture-documented cases of infection caused by Xylohypha bantiana were identified in the world literature; 26 cases involved the central nervous system and most frequently presented as chronic headache followed by fever and hemiparesis.
Taxonomic clarification of Cladosporium trichoides Emmons and its subsequent synonyms.
  • K. Kwon-Chung, B. Wickes, J. Plaskowitz
  • Biology
    Journal of medical and veterinary mycology : bi-monthly publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
  • 1989
TLDR
Results indicate that C. triochoides Emmons is different from C. bantianum (Sacc.) Borelli and that the reclassification of C. trichoides into the genus Xylohypha was not warranted.
Curvularia, Exophiala, Scedosporium, Sporothrix, and other melanized fungi
The taxonomy of the melanized fungi and the most relevant epidemiological and clinical aspects, and the laboratory procedures for the diagnosis of infections caused by these agents, are discussed in
Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis caused byXylohypha bantiana
TLDR
Two cases of cerebral abscess caused by Xylohypha bantiana are presented and one patient was alive eight months after surgery and antifungal drug therapy and the second patient died post-operatively without appropriate treatment.
Nutritional physiology and taxonomy of human-pathogenic Cladosporium-Xylohypha species.
TLDR
Physiological profiles of type, authentic and some additional isolates of Cladosporium-Xylohypha species of purported herpotrichiellaceous relationship are established and a diagnostic key for the recognized Cladophialophora species and to morphologically similar taxa is provided.
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Subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Xylohypha emmonsii
The first human phaeohyphomycotic infection caused by Xylohypha emmonsii is described. The patient, an 83-year-old woman, developed a purpuric lesion on her left arm. The pale brown fungal elements
Reclassification of Cladosporium bantianum in the genus Xylohypha
It is proposed that the dematiaceous hyphomycete Cladosporium bantianum (Saccardo) Borelli be transferred to the genus Xylohypha (Fries) Mason as Xylohypha bantiana (Saccardo) McGinnis, Padhye,
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