Xylo‐oligosaccharides display a prebiotic activity when used to supplement wheat or corn‐based diets for broilers

@article{Ribeiro2018XylooligosaccharidesDA,
  title={Xylo‐oligosaccharides display a prebiotic activity when used to supplement wheat or corn‐based diets for broilers},
  author={T. Ribeiro and V{\^a}nia Cardoso and Lu{\'i}s M. A. Ferreira and Madalena Lordelo and Elisabete Coelho and Ana S P Moreira and Maria do Ros{\'a}rio Domingues and Manuel A. Coimbra and Michael R. Bedford and Carlos M. G. A. Fontes},
  journal={Poultry Science},
  year={2018},
  volume={97},
  pages={4330–4341}
}
Abstract It is now well established that exogenous &bgr;‐1,4‐xylanases improve the nutritive value of wheat‐based diets for poultry. Among other factors, the mechanism of action of exogenous enzymes may involve a microbial route resulting from the generation of prebiotic xylo‐oligosaccharides (XOS) in the birds’ gastro‐intestinal (GI) tract. In a series of three experiments, the effect of XOS on the performance of broilers fed wheat or corn‐based diets was investigated. In experiment 1, birds… Expand
The effects of exogenous xylanase supplementation on the in vivo generation of xylooligosaccharides and monosaccharides in broilers fed a wheat-based diet
TLDR
It is suggested that wheat arabinoxylan degradation was enhanced by xylanase supplementation, which may have increased the production of beneficial volatile fatty acids (VFA) in the caeca, and thereby potentially modulated the caecal microbiome, but without affecting bird performance at this early age. Expand
Comparing the efficacy of stimbiotic and a combination of xylanase and beta-glucanase, in broilers fed wheat-barley based diets with high or low AME
A stimbiotic is defined as a product that stimulates a fiber-degrading microbiome to increase fiber fermentability. The aim of this study was to examine if it is more advantageous to feed aExpand
Evaluation of xylanase and a fermentable xylo-oligosaccharide on performance and ileal digestibility of broiler chickens fed energy and amino acid deficient diets
TLDR
The stimbiotic supplementation improved performance of broiler chickens fed all diets, particularly those deficient in AME and AA, and was improved in both diets to similar levels to the PC. Expand
Dietary xylo-oligosaccharide supplementation alters gut microbial composition and activity in pigs according to age and dose
TLDR
100 g/t XOS supplementation during the GFP modified the gut microbiota composition and metabolic activity and possible consequences of such changes for the host are discussed. Expand
Feed endoxylanase type and dose affect arabinoxylan hydrolysis and fermentation in ageing broilers
Despite the general use of endoxylanases in poultry feed to improve broiler performance, the abundance of different endoxylanase products and the variable response to their application in the fieldExpand
The similarity of the effect of carbohydrase or prebiotic supplementation in broilers aged 21 days, fed mixed cereal diets and challenged with coccidiosis infection
TLDR
Although there was an increase in short chain fatty acid production due to the addition of carbohydrase enzymes or xylo-oligosaccharide, there was no additive effect on the %G+C profile of caecal bacteria however there was a negative effect of coccidiosis. Expand
Arabinoxylan-oligosaccharides kick-start arabinoxylan digestion in the aging broiler
TLDR
Although no significant difference in AX-degrading enzyme activities was observed among the dietary treatments, AXOS supplementation in young broilers was shown to stimulate or “kick-start” dietary AX digestion, thereby speeding up the development of a fiber-fermenting microbiome in the young broiler. Expand
Effect of Xylo-Oligosaccharides Supplementation by Drinking Water on the Bone Properties and Related Calcium Transporters in Growing Mice
TLDR
XOS exerted a positive influence on bone properties by decreasing the cecum pH, increasing the c Cecum wall and villus structure, and upregulating the expression of related calcium transporters. Expand
Dietary xylo-oligosaccharide improves intestinal functions in weaned piglets.
TLDR
Dietary XOS improved the inflammatory status, gut barrier, and microbiota communities, which might be used as a potential feed additive to prevent gut dysfunction caused by weaning in the pig industry. Expand
Dietary supplemental xylooligosaccharide modulates nutrient digestibility, intestinal morphology, and gut microbiota in laying hens
TLDR
Dietary XOS addition improved the feed conversion ratio by modulating nutrient digestibility and ileal morphology in laying hens, which could be attributed to the enhancement of bacterial diversity and alteration of microbial composition. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 71 REFERENCES
Xylanase Inhibitors Affect the Action of Exogenous Enzymes Used to Supplement Triticum durum-Based Diets for Broiler Chicks
TLDR
The results suggest that reduction of exogenous enzyme activity was due to the action of durum wheat xylanase inhibitors and not to proteolysis. Expand
Effects of Xylo-Oligosaccharides on Broiler Chicken Performance and Microbiota
TLDR
Data show the beneficial effects of XOS on broiler performance when added to the feed, which potentially can be explained by stimulation of butyrate-producing bacteria through cross-feeding of lactate and subsequent effects ofbutyrate on gastrointestinal function. Expand
Effect of a straw-derived xylooligosaccharide on broiler growth performance, endocrine metabolism, and immune response.
TLDR
The addition of XOS to feed can increase growth performance, enhance endocrine metabolism, and improve immune function in broiler chickens. Expand
Dietary Inclusion of Wheat Bran Arabinoxylooligosaccharides Induces Beneficial Nutritional Effects in Chickens
ABSTRACT In vivo experiments were conducted to verify whether arabinoxylooligosaccharides (AXOS) obtained as low molecular mass compounds by enzymic hydrolysis from wheat bran arabinoxylan (AX) canExpand
Use of β-Glucanases and β-1,4-Xylanases to Supplement Diets Containing Alfalfa and Rye for Laying Hens: Effects on Bird Performance and Egg Quality
TLDR
The results suggest that exogenous plant cell wall hydrolases are not effective for improving the nutritive value of alfalfa-containing diets for laying hens, although inclusion of small percentages of the dehydrated leguminous meal may directly affect the quality of the generated poultry products. Expand
Effect of sucrose thermal oligosaccharide caramel, dietary vitamin-mineral level, and brooding temperature on growth and intestinal bacterial populations of broiler chickens.
TLDR
Feeding the STOC diet improved weight gain, feed intake, and feed conversion of broilers, and the effect of STOC on animal performance was less evident when broilers were fed twice the NRC recommended levels of V/M. Expand
Effects of purified lignin and mannan oligosaccharides on intestinal integrity and microbial populations in the ceca and litter of broiler chickens.
TLDR
Birds fed MOS and LL had a comparative advantage over birds fed antibiotics as evidenced by an increased population of beneficial bacteria in the ceca, increased villi height and number of goblet cells in the jejunum, and lower population of E. coli in the litter. Expand
A family 6 carbohydrate-binding module potentiates the efficiency of a recombinant xylanase used to supplement cereal-based diets for poultry
TLDR
The data point to the importance of CBMs in the function of feed xylanases and suggest, that in chicken fed on wheat-based diets, the main sites for exogenous enzymes action might be the gastrointestinal compartments preceding the duodenum, most probably the crop. Expand
Effect of a soluble polysaccharide (carboxy methyl cellulose) on the physico‐chemical conditions in the gastrointestinal tract of broilers
TLDR
The viscosity in the supernatant of the chyme was linearly increased in all intestinal segments by CMC, and a quadratic increase was observed in the crop. Expand
Assessment of the bifidogenic effect of substituted xylo-oligosaccharides obtained from corn straw.
TLDR
The bifidogenic potential of substituted xylo-oligosaccharides obtained from a lignocellulosic feedstock (corn straw) is evaluated, and all the substrates were utilized by the microbiota, and fermentation resulted in increased b ifidobacteria populations. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...