Xylanases from fungi: properties and industrial applications

@article{Polizeli2005XylanasesFF,
  title={Xylanases from fungi: properties and industrial applications},
  author={Maria de Lourdes Polizeli and A C S Rizzatti and Rubens Monti and H{\'e}ctor Francisco Terenzi and Joāo At{\'i}lio Jorge and Diego Sousa Amorim},
  journal={Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology},
  year={2005},
  volume={67},
  pages={577-591}
}
Xylan is the principal type of hemicellulose. It is a linear polymer of β-D-xylopyranosyl units linked by (1–4) glycosidic bonds. In nature, the polysaccharide backbone may be added to 4-O-methyl-α-D-glucuronopyranosyl units, acetyl groups, α-L-arabinofuranosyl, etc., in variable proportions. An enzymatic complex is responsible for the hydrolysis of xylan, but the main enzymes involved are endo-1,4-β-xylanase and β-xylosidase. These enzymes are produced by fungi, bacteria, yeast, marine algae… 
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