Xiv ■ Neurologic Disease and Dysfunction Chapter 146 ■ Elevated Intracranial Pressure

Abstract

Intracranial pressure (ICP) is the pressure of the compartment inside the skull. Since the brain is almost completely incompressible, expansion of the volume in any component within the skull causes an increase in the pressure of the cranial compartment. Increased intracranial pressure can lead to decreased blood flow, resulting in decreased oxygen delivery to the brain and neuronal dysfunction due to global ischemia as well as herniation of the brain with compression of vital structures and death. The principles of increased intracranial pressure are defined by the Monro-Kellie doctrine.

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Robertson2008XivN, title={Xiv ■ Neurologic Disease and Dysfunction Chapter 146 ■ Elevated Intracranial Pressure}, author={Claudia Sue Robertson}, year={2008} }