XVIII. The Bakerian Lecture.—On the continuity of the gaseous and liquid states of matter

@article{AndrewsXVIIITB,
  title={XVIII. The Bakerian Lecture.—On the continuity of the gaseous and liquid states of matter},
  author={Thomas Andrews},
  journal={Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London},
  pages={575 - 590}
}
  • T. Andrews
  • Chemistry
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London
In 1822 M. Cagniard de la Tour observed that certain liquids, such as ether, alcohol, and water, when heated in hermetically sealed glass tubes, became apparently reduced to vapour in a space from twice to four times the original volume of the liquid. He also made a few numerical determinations of the pressures exerted in these experiments. In the following year Faraday succeeded in liquefying, by the aid of pressure alone, chlorine and several other bodies known before only in the gaseous form… Expand
Nature of Fluids in the Hypercritical Region
IN the opinion of Andrews1 the question of the appropriate nomenclature to be applied to a fluid at temperatures and pressures above the critical point “does not admit … of a positive answer. . . .Expand
Liquidons and gasons; controversies about the continuity of states
Two basic ideas about the nature of the gas-liquid transition were voiced around 1870: that in the supercritical state, vapor and liquid are indistinguishable (Andrews), and that condensation andExpand
The critical transition between the liquid and gaseous conditions of matter
Abstract The classic experiments carried out by Thomas Andrews in Belfast in the 1870s on the continuity of the gaseous and liquid states, and his concept of critical temperature, are familiar toExpand
Chapter 2 – The Corresponding-States Principle from the Continuity of Vapor and Liquid States
According to Regnault by a number of experiments except for hydrogen, no gas exactly complies with Boyle's law and the expansion coefficient of a real gas increases with the increase of pressure.Expand
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Although H2O has been the topic of considerable research since the beginning of the century, the peculiar physical properties are still not well understood. First we discuss some of the anomalies ofExpand
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TLDR
It is argued that T0 is the temperature below which the Boltzmann energy is lower than the minimal energy needed for a molecule to break the interactions with its surrounding molecules, and proposed to name this minimal energy, kT0, the multimolecular potential of the liquid object. Expand
Unsolved Mysteries of Water in Its Liquid and Glass States
Although H2O has been the focus of a considerable amount of research since the beginning of the century, its peculiar physical properties are still not well understood. First we discuss some of theExpand
An historical account of the two-fluid theory for superfluidity
In 1924, Einstein showed the theoretical possibility of the three-dimensional Bose–Einstein condensate, for mass particles. When published, his work did not attract the scientific community, untilExpand
Equilibrium Background of Processes Initiated by Heating and Ehrenfest’s Classification of Phase Transitions
For a long time, transmutations, metamorphoses, and changes of substances (of fluid and solid bodies) have been the original subject of any investigation of alchemists as well as of more recentExpand
Supercritical fluids: green solvents for green chemistry?
  • M. Poliakoff, P. Licence
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2015
TLDR
By the end of the deliberations, it was clear that the magic of these fascinating materials had captured the scientific imagination of another generation of scientists and engineers, now empowered to drive the next phases of development and innovation. Expand
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