X.25 Virtual Circuits - TRANSPAC IN France - Pre-Internet Data Networking [History of communications]

@article{Schwartz2010X25VC,
  title={X.25 Virtual Circuits - TRANSPAC IN France - Pre-Internet Data Networking [History of communications]},
  author={Mischa Schwartz},
  journal={IEEE Communications Magazine},
  year={2010},
  volume={48}
}
  • M. Schwartz
  • Published 1 November 2010
  • Computer Science
  • IEEE Communications Magazine
The following article , by Remi Despres, is the second on the history of X.25 systems to appear in this column. As noted by Dr. Despres, the previous article focused on the Canadian Datapac system. Earlier articles on packet switching in this column have included one on the history of the Arpanet/Internet and one on early British packet switching systems. What makes this article particularly distinctive, aside, of course, from the fact that it focuses on the major contributions of French… 
5 Citations

Figures from this paper

In the Shadow of ARPANET and Internet: Louis Pouzin and the Cyclades Network in the 1970s

During the 1970s, French engineer Louis Pouzin led a small team of researchers who designed an experimental packet-switching computer network they named “Cyclades.” Despite the technical successes of

Part of a Whole: RENATER, a Twenty-Year-Old Network within the Internet

Internet history cannot entirely reflect the complexity of the network of networks’ genesis and development if it does not take into account parallel or rival projects and national paths. This

Edge Cryptography and the Codevelopment of Computer Networks and Cybersecurity

TLDR
This study of the PLI is an entry into the historical relationship between cryptography and packet-switched computer networks.

Standards, Networks, and Critique

  • A. Russell
  • Computer Science
    IEEE Ann. Hist. Comput.
  • 2012
TLDR
Historians of computing should think about the process of standardization in terms that are more common for cultural theorists and about conceptualize standardization as a process of critique.

The Clamor Outside as INWG Debated: Economic War Comes to Networking

  • J. Day
  • History
    IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
  • 2016
TLDR
The author places the INWG discussions in this wider context to better understand the technical points and implications, their ultimate impact, and the paradigm shift that threatened established business models.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 15 REFERENCES

Commercialization of packet switching (1975-1985): A Canadian perspective [History of Communications]

The following article provides a fast-moving, exciting account of the early days of commercial packet switching in the 1970s, focusing on X.25 and, in particular, on Datapac, the X.25-based Canadian

A new communication protocol for accessing data networks: the international packet-mode interface

TLDR
The International Packet-Mode Interface is described, developed jointly by Telenet Communications Corp., the Trans-Canada Telephone System, the United Kingdom Post Office and the French PTT, to enable DTEs such as computers, programmable terminal controllers and intelligent terminals to gain access to public packet networks throughout the world.

On Distributed Communications Networks

TLDR
Simulation results are shown to indicate that highly efficient routing can be performed by local control without the necessity for any central, and therefore vulnerable, control point, as in a centralized system.

Presentation and major design aspects of the CYCLADES computer network

TLDR
A computer network is being developed in France, under government sponsorship, to link about twenty heterogeneous computers located in universities, research and D.P. Centers to provide various departments of the French Administration with access to multiple data bases located in geographically distant areas.

On Distributed Communications: I. Introduction to Distributed Communications Networks

TLDR
This Memorandum is directed toward examining the use of redundancy as one means of building communications systems to withstand heavy enemy attacks.

Computer network development to achieve resource sharing

TLDR
An overview of the need for a computer network, the requirements of a computer communication system, a description of the properties of the communication system chosen, and the potential uses of such a network are described.

Experimental Packet Switching Project of the UK Post Office

Packet Switching in a Public Data Network