X-ray fluorescence microprobe imaging in biology and medicine.

  title={X-ray fluorescence microprobe imaging in biology and medicine.},
  author={Tatjana Paunesku and Stefan Vogt and Joerg Maser and Barry Lai and Gayle E. Woloschak},
  journal={Journal of cellular biochemistry},
  volume={99 6},
Characteristic X-ray fluorescence is a technique that can be used to establish elemental concentrations for a large number of different chemical elements simultaneously in different locations in cell and tissue samples. Exposing the samples to an X-ray beam is the basis of X-ray fluorescence microscopy (XFM). This technique provides the excellent trace element sensitivity; and, due to the large penetration depth of hard X-rays, an opportunity to image whole cells and quantify elements on a per… CONTINUE READING