X-Ray Quasi-periodic Eruptions Driven by Star–Disk Collisions: Application to GSN069 and Probing the Spin of Massive Black Holes

  title={X-Ray Quasi-periodic Eruptions Driven by Star–Disk Collisions: Application to GSN069 and Probing the Spin of Massive Black Holes},
  author={Jingtao Xian and Fu-Wen Zhang and Liming Dou and Jiasheng He and Xinwen Shu},
  journal={The Astrophysical Journal Letters},
X-ray quasi-periodic eruptions (QPEs) were discovered recently in active galaxies with an unknown driving mechanism. Under the assumption that QPEs are caused by star–disk collisions, we adopt full relativistic method and show that both the orbital parameters of the star and also the mass and spinning of the massive black hole (MBH) can be revealed by using the time of arrival (TOA) of the QPEs. By applying the model to the observed QPEs of GSN069, we find that the star is in a near-circular… 
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