X-Men as J Men: The Jewish Subtext of a Comic Book Movie

  title={X-Men as J Men: The Jewish Subtext of a Comic Book Movie},
  author={Lawrence Baron},
  journal={Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies},
  pages={44 - 52}
  • L. Baron
  • Published 6 October 2003
  • Sociology
  • Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies
The recent movie X-Men (2000) reflects the assimilationist aims, ethnic anxieties, and liberal idealism of the first-generation Jewish Americans who created the original superheroes featured in Marvel Comic Books. Their rejection of Nazi racism, abhorrence of the Holocaust, and support of the Civil Rights Movement motivated them to make Magneto, the antagonist of the X-Men, a Jewish Holocaust survivor who reasonably fears that a new race of mutants like himself may face persecution and eventual… 
A Likely Jew: Magneto, the Holocaust, and Comic-Book History
ABSTRACT:This article examines the appropriation of the Holocaust as an “origin story” for the character of Magneto from the X-Men comics. The traumatic origin is a common trope in superhero comics,
Vampires and Witches and Commandos, Oy Vey: Comic Book Appropriations of Lilith
Recent scholarship has identified multiple levels of interplay between American Jews and sequential art stories (comics). Many comics are now widely understood to be artifacts of the evolving Jewish
Black Panther in widescreen: cross-disciplinary perspectives on a pioneering, paradoxical film
ABSTRACT Critics and scholars alike hail Black Panther (2018) as a celebratory cinematic response to decades of racial injustice in Hollywood while also calling attention to popular culture's limited
Paradoxes and patriarchy: a legal reading of She-Hulk
From Savage to Sensational, from lawyer to hulking beast, from advocate to Avenger and from independent woman to hyper-sexualised feminista – She-Hulk provides a case study in what occurs when ‘great
We Are a Long Ways Past Maus: Responsible and Irresponsible Holocaust Representations in Graphic Comics and Sitcom Cartoons
In 1986, cartoonist Art Spiegelman published Maus: A Survivor’s Tale, the first book in his two-volume graphic comic novel about the Holocaust. He established, perhaps unwittingly, a new genre of
The Mutant Problem: X-Men, Confirmation Bias, and the Methodology of Comics and Identity
This article suggests that scholarship on comics and identity is vulnerable to strong confirmation bias. Engaging with a few common assumptions presented in writing on X-Men comics(1963–1970,
The era of the expert: dementia, remembrance, and jurisprudence in Atom Egoyan’s Remember (2015)
ABSTRACT Recent trials of elderly Holocaust perpetrators have foregrounded an epistemological problem with consequences for future prosecutions: what status do witness testimonies, survivor memoirs,
From Maus to Magneto: Exploring Holocaust Representation in Comic Books and Graphic Novels
The following Capstone project documents my research into the topic of Holocaust representation in comic books and graphic novels. Comics are an oft-overlooked medium in academic circles, so there is
Developing Mutational Identity Theory: Evolution, Multiplicity, Embodiment, and Agency
This article extends poststructuralist theories of the self, expanding the discursive possibilities for (re)creating identities. Building on intersectionality, crystallized selves, and identity as
Holocaust Cinema as Depicted by Film Advisory Boards in Five English Speaking Countries
Holocaust cinema is important constituent in conveying the events of the Holocaust and its aftermath within present day culture. Recommendations by film advisory boards can encourage or deject


Unheroic Conduct: The Rise of Heterosexuality and the Invention of the Jewish Man
In a book that will both enlighten and provoke, Daniel Boyarin offers an alternative to the prevailing Euro-American warrior/patriarch model of masculinity and recovers the Jewish ideal of the
Legacy of Rage: Jewish Masculinity, Violence, and Culture
In books, television programs, and films, Jewish men are often depicted as erudite, comedic, malleable, and non-threatening - somewhere between Clark Kent and the early Woody Allen. Yet as Warren
Contemporary Scribes: Jewish American Cartoonists
The list of artists who defined and shaped American cartoon art includes many Jewish names. America has offered many immigrant groups the possibilities of achievement, and Jews, coming from a strong
Jews Against Prejudice : American Jews and the Fight for Civil Liberties
America's dark history of anti-Semitism, racism, and ethnic bigotry-and many of the efforts to combat such prejudice-has received growing attention in recent years. Yet one of the most important
Smart Jews: The Construction of the Image of Jewish Superior Intelligence
"Smart Jews" addresses one of the most controversial theories of our day: the alleged connection between race (or ethnicity), intelligence, and virtue. Sander Gilman shows that such theories have a
The Holocaust in American Life
The Holocaust in American Life. By Peter Novick. (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1999. Pp. 1, 373. Cloth, $27.00) In this engaging and important study, Peter Novick undertakes two primary tasks:
The Holocaust in American film
This work offers insights into how specific films influenced the Americanization of the Holocaust and how the medium per se helped seed that event into the public consciousness. In addition to an
While America Watches: Televising the Holocaust
The Holocaust holds a unique place in American public culture, and, as Jeffrey Shandler argues in While America Watches, it is television, more than any other medium, that has brought the Holocaust
Hollywood and Anti-Semitism: A Cultural History up to World War II
Introduction: what is the Hollywood question? Part I. The Hollywood Question and American Anti-Semitism, 1880-1929: 1. Anti-Semitism and the American Jewish question 2. Religion, race and morality in