Would they dope? Revisiting the Goldman dilemma

@article{Connor2013WouldTD,
  title={Would they dope? Revisiting the Goldman dilemma},
  author={J. Connor and Jules Woolf and J. Mazanov},
  journal={British Journal of Sports Medicine},
  year={2013},
  volume={47},
  pages={697 - 700}
}
Background/aim Discussions of doping often report Goldman's sensational results that half of the elite athletes asked would take a drug that guaranteed sporting success which would also result in their death in 5 years’ time. There has never been any effort to assess the properties of the ‘Goldman dilemma’ or replicate the results in the post World Anti-Doping Agency context. This research evaluated the dilemma with contemporary elite athletes. Methods Participants at an elite-level track and… Expand
The Goldman Dilemma is dead: what elite athletes really think about doping, winning, and death
ABSTRACT In the 1980s and 1990s, Goldman’s eponymous ‘Dilemma’ asked if athletes would take a substance that guaranteed sporting glory but killed them in 5 years. The 50% acceptance rate was widelyExpand
To dope or not to dope: Elite athletes’ perceptions of doping deterrents and incentives
Abstract Aim This study aims to examine the circumstances which athletes say affect their (hypothetical) considerations of whether to dope or not and explore the differences between athletes ofExpand
Dying to win?: the Goldman Dilemma in legend and fact
One of the implicit justifications for antidoping is that athletes are so committed to winning that they will take performance-enhancing substances regardless of the apparent consequences. AthletesExpand
Trading Health Risks for Glory: A Reformulation of the Goldman Dilemma
TLDR
It is suggested that very few athletes would be expected to accept a PED in the bargain postulated by the Goldman dilemma, and risk tolerance among elite athletes suggest they may be more aware of the potential financial and nonfinancial benefits of such a win, and/or less optimistic about their potential to move up in the level of competition without the use of PEDs. Expand
An (un)desirable trade of harms? How elite athletes might react to medically supervised 'doping' and their considerations of side-effects in this situation.
  • M. Overbye
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The International journal on drug policy
  • 2018
TLDR
Interpreting results with the understanding of sport as an exceptional and risky working environment suggests that legalising certain 'doping' substances under medical supervision would create other/new types of harms, and this 'trade-off of harms and benefits' would be undesirable considering the occupational health, working conditions and well-being of most athletes. Expand
How athletes conceptualise doping, winning, and consequences: insights from using the cognitive interviewing technique with the Goldman dilemma
Abstract Theorising on athlete doping has tended to focus on the creation of deductive models. Such models make assumptions on the ways in which athletes conceptualise issues surrounding doping. ThisExpand
Genetic doping: WADA we do about the future of ‘cheating’ in sport?
Due to developments in science and biotechnology, the concept of ‘gene doping’ is emerging as the number one threat to fair play in sport. This procedure, which involves the manipulation of one’sExpand
What do the humanities (really) know about doping? Questions, answers and cross-disciplinary strategies
Abstract Recent years have brought debates about the future role of humanities research in light of sciences’ progress. In doping research, tacit biases in favour of science risk ignoring theExpand
Psychological and behavioural factors of unintentional doping: A preliminary systematic review
In some cases, doping in sport is an intentional goal-directed behaviour, but research suggests that it might also occur accidentally when athletes inadvertently or unintentionally consume bannedExpand
Prevalence of Doping Use in Elite Sports: A Review of Numbers and Methods
TLDR
This review outlines the various methods that exist and presents the scarce data available in this area and concludes that a combination of questionnaires using the Randomised Response Technique and models of biological parameters is able to provide the statistical possibilities to reveal accurate estimates of this often undisclosed practice. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 35 REFERENCES
Would you dope? A general population test of the Goldman dilemma
TLDR
Athletes differ markedly from the general population in response to Goldman's dilemma, which raises significant practical and ethical dilemmas for athlete support personnel. Expand
What would Kim do: a choice study of projected athlete doping considerations.
This paper reports on an empirical discrete choice model of the factors influencing a hypothetical athlete’s deliberations around using prohibited performance enhancing substances (doping) developedExpand
Doping and supplementation: the attitudes of talented young athletes
TLDR
There was a significant association between the projected use of the hypothetical drug by competitors and the individual respondent's willingness to take the hypothetically “magic” substance and the strength of their beliefs in the face of a tempting hypothetical scenario. Expand
A Conceptual Framework for Achieving Performance Enhancing Drug Compliance in Sport
TLDR
A preliminary compliance model demonstrated that a comprehensive, fully integrated programme is necessary for maximal effect, and provides anti-doping agencies with a structured framework for strategic planning and implementing interventions. Expand
Elite athletes’ duty to provide information on their whereabouts: Justifiable anti-doping work or an indefensible surveillance regime?
Abstract In this article, we explain and reflect critically upon the athlete whereabouts reporting system in top-level sports initiated by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). This system makes itExpand
Psychological drivers in doping: The life-cycle model of performance enhancement
TLDR
A hypothesized life-cycle model of PE identifies vulnerability factors across the stages of athlete development with the view of informing the design of anti-doping assessment and intervention and suggests deterrence strategies are likely to be more effective. Expand
Medication Use in Athletes Selected for Doping Control at the Sydney Olympics (2000)
  • B. Corrigan, R. Kazlauskas
  • Medicine
  • Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
  • 2003
TLDR
The trends seen in this survey point to a dangerous overuse of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents and an unnecessary over use of vitamins in this population, while pointing out the increased prevalence of asthma and the dangers of drug interactions. Expand
An empirical model of athlete decisions to use performance‐enhancing drugs: qualitative evidence
Models of athlete decisions to use performance‐enhancing substance and method (PESM) lack an empirical base. In this paper, the validity of the content (variables thought to influence use) andExpand
Towards an empirical model of performance enhancing supplement use: a pilot study among high performance UK athletes.
TLDR
The model identified that British athletes most likely to use supplements were younger (under 23) males who were more likely to see doping as a problem in their sport and were more knowledgeable about testing procedures than their non-user counterparts. Expand
Self‐admitted behavior and perceived use of performance‐enhancing vs psychoactive drugs among competitive athletes
The relationships between projected use, self‐reported behavior and attitudes to performance‐enhancing (PED) and recreational (RD) drugs were investigated among 82 competitive Hungarian athletes,Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...