Worldwide prevalence and risk factors for myopia

  title={Worldwide prevalence and risk factors for myopia},
  author={Chen-Wei Pan and Dharani Ramamurthy and Seang-Mei Saw},
  journal={Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics},
Citation information: Pan C‐W, Ramamurthy D & Saw S‐M. Worldwide prevalence and risk factors for myopia. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2012, 32, 3‐16. doi: 10.1111/j.1475‐1313.2011.00884.x 

Prevalence and risk factors for myopia and other refractive errors in an adult population in southern India

To investigate prevalence and risk factors for myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism in southern India, a large number of cases of myopia and hyperopia are known to occur in this region.

Glaucoma in Myopia

This chapter focuses on glaucoma among the many myopia-associated pathological conditions and the increasing prevalence of myopia and high myopia because of the concomitant increase in visual disability.

Current and predicted demographics of high myopia and an update of its associated pathological changes

The purpose of this review is to provide an update on various pathologic changes, especially in the chorio‐retina and sclera that have been reported recently using advanced ophthalmic bio‐imaging modalities such as optical coherence tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and fundus photography.

Refractive status and prevalence of myopia among Chinese primary school students

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of myopia in key (university‐oriented) and non‐key elementary schools in China using a traditional and a new criterion for myopia diagnosis in

A genetic risk score and number of myopic parents independently predict myopia

To investigate whether a genetic risk score (GRS) improved performance of predicting refractive error compared to knowing a child's number of myopic parents (NMP) alone, a study of children with both myopic and non-myopic parents finds that the former is more accurate than the latter.

Prevalence and risk factors for myopia in second‐grade primary school children in Taipei: A population‐based study


The prevalence of chi and the progression of myopia among medical students was measured to measure the prevalence medical students and to study electronic sampling for myopia.

Prevalence and risk factors for myopia in a rural Korean population.

Assessment of the prevalence and risk factors of myopia in 19-year-old males in Jeju, a rural area of Korea found that university students in their fourth to sixth years showed a higher risk for myopia than those with lower academic achievement.

Miyopi ve Glokom Myopia and Glaucoma

It is suggested that patients with high myopia and glaucoma displays similar scleral collagen features and hypersensitive response to glucocorticoids, and the association between these two entities is investigated thoroughly.

Myopia prevalence and risk factors in children

Exercise is associated with a lower rate of myopia and represents an important potentially modifiable risk factor that may be a target for future public health efforts.



Childhood ethnic differences in ametropia and ocular biometry: the Aston Eye Study

Citation information: Logan NS, Shah P, Rudnicka AR, Gilmartin B & Owen CG. Childhood ethnic differences in ametropia and ocular biometry: the Aston Eye Study. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2011, 31,

Myopia and associated pathological complications

The prevalent risks of glaucoma were higher in myopic adults, and risks of chorioretinal abnormalities such as retinal detachment, choriatorinal atrophy and lacquer cracks increased with severity of myopia and greater axial length.

Prevalence and risk factors for refractive errors in the South Indian adult population: The Andhra Pradesh Eye disease study

The prevalence of myopia in this adult Indian population is much higher than in similarly aged white populations and the previously reported association between myopia, hyperopia, and nuclear opacity is confirmed.

Prevalence and risk factors of myopia in Victoria, Australia.

Myopia rates in the Visual Impairment Project generally decrease with age and use of myopic correction has increased in recent times, and myopia was significantly related to education level, occupation, country of birth, and nuclear opacity.

Prevalence, incidence, and progression of myopia of school children in Hong Kong.

The results show that the prevalence and progression of myopia in Hong Kong children was much higher than those previously reported in Western countries.

Ethnic differences in the impact of parental myopia: findings from a population-based study of 12-year-old Australian children.

In this sample, parental myopia was associated with more myopic SER and longer AL, with significant ethnic interactions, and in the nonmyopic children, there was no association between parental myopic and AL.

Myopic refractive error in adult Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study.

The burden of myopia in older Latinos exceeds that in African Americans and non-Hispanic whites in the United States and the latter two were also predictors of high myopia.

Myopia, lifestyle, and schooling in students of Chinese ethnicity in Singapore and Sydney.

The lower prevalence of myopia in Sydney was associated with increased hours of outdoor activities, and another factor contributing to the differences in the prevalence may be the early educational pressures found in Singapore but not in Sydney.