Worldwide deaths and severe envenomation from jellyfish stings

@article{Fenner1996WorldwideDA,
  title={Worldwide deaths and severe envenomation from jellyfish stings},
  author={Peter J. Fenner and John A. Williamson},
  journal={Medical Journal of Australia},
  year={1996},
  volume={165}
}
From our database of fatal and serious human envenomations, we report several cases, look at the distribution of these events, and discuss treatment. 

Intravenous ascorbic acid as a treatment for severe jellyfish stings.

TLDR
A 39 year old male was stung extensively on both lower limbs by an unidentified jellyfish in shallow waters of a beach in the vicinity of Labuan Island, Malaysia.

Marine envenomation: An update — A presentation on the current status of marine envenomation first aid and medical treatments

TLDR
The current first aid and medical treatments of envenomation discussed include stingray, stonefish, sea snakes and cone shells, as well as treatments for Chironex box jellyfish, Irukandji and other stinging jellyfish.

Envenomation by Cnidarians and Renal Injuries

TLDR
The current state of knowledge concerning renal injuries resulting from envenomation by coelenterates is summarized and the expected mechanisms, possibilities for therapeutic approaches, and strategies for preventing human diseases in future are described.

A probable case of Irukandji syndrome in Thailand.

TLDR
A case of probable Irukandji syndrome in Thailand is reported and awareness of the syndrome is promoted to aid sting prevention and stimulate research.

Envenomation with Skin Manifestations and Treatments

TLDR
This review focuses on Jellyfish toxins, symptoms and treatment after sting in order to reduce treatment time, improve the survival rate for medical providers and to set a reference for follow-up study.

Complication of a Portuguese man-of-war envenomation to the foot: a case report.

  • A. GiordanoL. VitoP. Sardella
  • Medicine
    The Journal of foot and ankle surgery : official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
  • 2005
TLDR
A large area of skin necrosis developed after an envenomation that required extensive debridement and skin grafting and the purpose of this case report is to present such a consequence after a jellyfish sting to the dorsum of the foot.

Cutaneous injuries from marine animals.

TLDR
This is a report of three cases of marine animal injuries by a stingray, a sea anemone and a jellyfish, respectively, illustrating the potential severity of such injuries.

A sting from an unknown jellyfish species associated with persistent symptoms and raised troponin I levels.

TLDR
This case highlights the envenomation risks associated with marine recreation, and the need for critical evaluation of cardiac troponin assays and for further research in marine toxicology.

Cnidarians and human skin

TLDR
Treatment of cnidarian injuries and stings is discussed and the varied creatures in this group that can harm man and potentially lead to serious envenomation syndromes are discussed.

A report of 49 cases of cnidarian envenoming from southeastern Brazilian coastal waters.

...

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