World impact of kernel European Union 9 countries from Google matrix analysis of the world trade network

  title={World impact of kernel European Union 9 countries from Google matrix analysis of the world trade network},
  author={Justin Loye and Leonardo Ermann and Dima L. Shepelyansky},
  journal={Applied Network Science},
We use the United Nations COMTRADE database for analysis of the multiproduct world trade network. With this data, considered for years 2012–2018, we determined the world trade impact of the Kernel of EU 9 countries (KEU9), being Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, considered as one united country. We apply the advanced Google matrix analysis for investigation of the influence of KEU9 and show that KEU9 takes the top trade network rank positions… 

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