World-Maps for Finding the Direction and Distance to Mecca: Innovation and Tradition in Islamic Science

@inproceedings{King1999WorldMapsFF,
  title={World-Maps for Finding the Direction and Distance to Mecca: Innovation and Tradition in Islamic Science},
  author={D. A. King},
  year={1999}
}
Presents an overview of the ways in which Muslims over the centuries have determined the sacred direction towards Mecca (qibla) and then describes, in detail, two 17th-century brass Iranian maps discovered in 1989 and 1995. The author shows that the geographical data derives from a 15th-century Central Asian source and that the mathematics underlying the grid was developed in 9th-century Baghdad. 
Cartography in Islamic Societies
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