Workplace drug prevention programs: does zero tolerance work?

@article{Mehay2007WorkplaceDP,
  title={Workplace drug prevention programs: does zero tolerance work?},
  author={Stephen L. Mehay and Natalie J. Webb},
  journal={Applied Economics},
  year={2007},
  volume={39},
  pages={2743 - 2751}
}
Current drug policy in the US military mandates frequent random drug testing of service members and dismissal of those who test positive for illegal drugs. This article analyses the economic costs and benefits of this zero tolerance policy as applied in the US Navy. Program effects consist of the actual number of detected users and the predicted number of deterred potential users. Productivity losses imposed by drug users are based on reported annual workdays lost due to drug use in the Navy… 
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