Working memory and intelligence--their correlation and their relation: comment on Ackerman, Beier, and Boyle (2005).

@article{Oberauer2005WorkingMA,
  title={Working memory and intelligence--their correlation and their relation: comment on Ackerman, Beier, and Boyle (2005).},
  author={Klaus Oberauer and Ralf Schulze and Oliver Wilhelm and H M S{\"u}ss},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  year={2005},
  volume={131 1},
  pages={
          61-5; author reply 72-5
        }
}
On the basis of a meta-analysis of pairwise correlations between working memory tasks and cognitive ability measures, P. L. Ackerman, M. E. Beier, and M. O. Boyle (2005; see record 2004-22408-002) claimed that working memory capacity (WMC) shares less than 25% of its variance with general intelligence (g) and with reasoning ability. In this comment, the authors argue that this is an underestimation because of several methodological shortcomings and biases. A reanalysis of the data reported in… Expand

Figures and Topics from this paper

Fluid intelligence shares closer to 60% of its variance with working memory capacity and is a better indicator of general intelligence
Abstract A number of empirical studies have examined the association between working memory capacity (WMC) and fluid intelligence (gf), with conclusions varying from constructs that are substantiallyExpand
Working memory, visual–spatial-intelligence and their relationship to problem-solving
Abstract The relationship between working memory, intelligence and problem-solving is explored. Wittmann and Sus [Wittmann, W.W., & Sus, H.M. (1999). Investigating the paths between working memory,Expand
Working memory capacity and strategy use on the RAPM
Abstract Despite many studies showing that high working memory capacity (WMC) individuals perform better on analytic reasoning and problem-solving tasks, the cognitive mechanisms underlying theseExpand
Relationships between working memory and intelligence from a developmental perspective: Convergent evidence from a neo-Piagetian and a psychometric approach
The objective of this paper, in line with the other papers of this special issue, is to show the potentialities of combining intelligence research and cognitive psychology. The development ofExpand
Working Memory Capacity and Fluid Intelligence
TLDR
This article presents a proposal reframing this issue, such that tests of working memory capacity and fluid intelligence are seen as measuring complementary processes that facilitate complex cognition. Expand
Why is working memory related to intelligence? Different contributions from storage and processing
TLDR
Domain-specific contributions of working memory, short-term memory, and executive functioning to individual differences in intelligence were analysed using a latent variable approach and storage and processing providing different contributions to the prediction of Gf and Gc supports the view that both long-term storage and executive function account for the relationship between WM and intelligence. Expand
Capacity, Control, or Both – Which Aspects of Working Memory Contribute to Children’s General Fluid Intelligence?
Starting from the assumption that working memory capacity is an important predictor of general fluid intelligence, we asked which aspects of working memory account for this relationship. TwoExpand
Individual differences in working memory and general intelligence indexed by P200 and P300: A latent variable model
TLDR
Findings further support the notion that the CES has a multidimensional structure and reveal that the inhibition and updating functions of the CES are crucial in explaining the relationship between WM and g. Expand
What is working memory capacity, and how can we measure it?
TLDR
Results from structural-equation modeling show negligible relations of WMC with response-conflict resolution, and very strong relations ofWMC with secondary memory and fluid intelligence. Expand
Cognitive abilities and their interplay: Reasoning, crystallized intelligence, working memory components, and sustained attention.
The aim of this study was to confirm that coordination and storage in the context of processing are significant predictors of reasoning even if crystallized intelligence is controlled for. It wasExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 31 REFERENCES
Reasoning ability is (little more than) working-memory capacity?!
This paper is concerned with the relationship between two central constructs—reasoning ability and working-memory capacity—which arise from two distinct bodies of literature on individual differencesExpand
Working memory and intelligence: the same or different constructs?
TLDR
A meta-analysis of 86 samples that relate working memory to intelligence finds the average correlation between true-score estimates of WM and g is substantially less than unity, which indicates that consideration of psychometric and theoretical perspectives better informs the discussion of WM-intelligence relations. Expand
Working memory and intelligence
Abstract The correlation perspective shows that working memory (WM) is strongly related to psychometric intelligence. Although there are numerous psychometric abilities, there is a powerful singleExpand
Handbook of understanding and measuring intelligence
Preface Introduction (Intelligence: A Diva and a Work Horse) - O. Wilhelm, & R. W. Engle Assessing Problem Solving in Context - P. C. Kyllonen, & S. Lee Mental Speed: On Frameworks, Paradigms, and aExpand
The generality of working memory capacity: a latent-variable approach to verbal and visuospatial memory span and reasoning.
TLDR
The findings support a domain-general view of WM capacity, in which executive-attention processes drive the broad predictive utility of WM span measures, and domain-specific storage and rehearsal processes relate more strongly to domain- specific aspects of complex cognition. Expand
Models of Working Memory: Mechanisms of Active Maintenance and Executive Control
Preface Acknowledgements 1. Models of working memory: an introduction Priti Shah and Akira Miyake 2. Working memory: the multiple-component model Alan D. Baddeley and Robert H. Logie 3. AnExpand
Aptitude Testing Inspired by Information Processing: A Test of the Four-Sources Model
Abstract The four-sources model of human abilities posits that individual differences in performance on cognitive tasks are due to differences in working-memory capacity, information-processingExpand
Individual differences in working memory and reading
Individual differences in reading comprehension may reflect differences in working memory capacity, specifically in the trade-off between its processing and storage functions. A poor reader'sExpand
On the nature of forgetting and the processing–storage relationship in reading span performance ☆
Abstract Four experiments examined the nature of forgetting and the processing–storage relationship during performance on a prevalent working memory task, the reading span test. Using two differentExpand
The multiple faces of working memory: Storage, processing, supervision, and coordination
TLDR
Overall, the findings demonstrate that working memory is best characterized as a highly interrelated collection of cognitive functions. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...