Workforce Participation by Persons With Disabilities: The National Health Interview Survey Disability Supplement, 1994 to 1995

  title={Workforce Participation by Persons With Disabilities: The National Health Interview Survey Disability Supplement, 1994 to 1995},
  author={Craig S. Zwerling and Paul S. Whitten and Nancy L. Sprince and Charles S. Davis and Robert B. Wallace and Peter Blanck and Steven G Heeringa},
  journal={Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine},
Using the National Health Interview Survey Disability Supplement of 1994 to 1995, we examined the factors associated with employment among Americans with disabilities. Persons with disabilities who were more educated were more likely to be working. Married men were more likely to work than unmarried men (odds ratio [OR], 1.58). Blacks were less likely to work than whites (OR, 0.56). Persons with disabilities related to cardiovascular disease (OR, 0.23), musculoskeletal disease (OR, 0.37), and… 

Workplace Accommodations for People with Disabilities: National Health Interview Survey Disability Supplement, 1994–1995

Data from the National Health Interview Survey Disability Supplement 1994–1995 (NHIS-D) is presented describing the nature of workplace accommodations in the American workforce and factors associated with the provision of such accommodations.

Employment status and frequent mental distress among adults with disabilities.

The results indicate that adults with disabilities who were unemployed or unable to work were significantly more likely than those employed to have FMD and persisted after further adjusting for education, marital status, health risk behaviours, body mass index, health care coverage and self-rated general health.

Depression and the ability to work.

Understanding the factors associated with depressed persons' working and not working may help policy makers, employers, and clinicians shape health care benefits packages, employee assistance programs, disability programs, and treatment programs appropriately.

Predicting community- versus facility-based employment for transition-aged young adults with disabilities: The role of race, ethnicity, and support systems

This study examines the effects of socio-economic, attitudinal, and support-related variables on the employment status of young adults with disabilities who participate in community-based and

Predicting the effect of disability on employment status and income.

Examination of data from the disability supplement of the 2000 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System revealed that disability status has a significant predictive effect on inability to work and results continue to show that despite legislation, the higher the level of disability, the lower the employment status and income.

Chronic Back Problems Among Persons 30 to 64 Years Old in France

The results from this national population-based survey emphasize the weight of chronic back problems in the community, in a country where the legislation offers few alternatives to ordinary work for those who suffer from chronic limitations due to low back pain.

Health disparities among workers and nonworkers with functional limitations: implications for improving employment in the United States

Comparing workers and nonworkers who reported mild, moderate, and severe/complete functional limitations to identify disparities in 19 health and social indicators found that consistent management of chronic health conditions and chronic pain may improve the likelihood of work participation and retention in the workforce among adults with moderate and severe / complete functional limitations.

Impact of retirement type on income for people with disabilities

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Gender, Disabilities, and Employment in the Health and Retirement Study

This paper examines disabilities of older women and men and analyzes gender differences in the effect of disabilities on labor force participation using information on men and women aged 51-61 from

Race and Education Differences in Disability Status and Labor Force Attachment

The labor force participation rates of older, working-aged black men and men with lower levels of education have historically been significantly lower than those of white men and men with more

The role of ethnicity in the disability and work experience of preretirement-age Americans.

  • L. Wray
  • Medicine
    The Gerontologist
  • 1996
Analysis of the 1992 HRS indicated that being African American was a strong significant predictor of being a past versus current worker, and the primary predictors of disability and work status were health behaviors, effects of health conditions, job characteristics, and workplace adaptations.

Civil War Pensions and Disability

Following the tenth anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), this article explores the social and political forces influencing disability civil rights one hundred years ago and

Economics of the Americans with Disabilities Act, Part III: Does the ADA Disable the Disabled

The headline reads “Dubious Aid for the Disabled,” and the attached story speaks of evidence that the Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”) has led to reductions, rather than the anticipated

The effects of impairments on employment and wages: estimates from the 1984 and 1990 SIPP.

  • M. Baldwin
  • Economics
    Behavioral sciences & the law
  • 1999
The results confirm the diversity of labor market experiences within the disabled population and suggest that policies designed to improve labor market outcomes for workers with disabilities in response to the ADA should be targeted to the different needs of different impairment groups.

Enabling America: Assessing the Role of Rehabilitation Science and Engineering

The committee introduces the "enabling-disability process" model, which enhances the concepts of disability and rehabilitation, and reviews what is known and what research priorities are emerging in the areas of pathology and impairment.

Employment, Disability, and the Americans with Disabilities Act: Issues in Law, Public Policy, and Research

The Americans with Disabilities Act was heralded by its congressional sponsors as an "emancipation proclamation" for people with disabilities and as the most important civil rights legislation passed