Words as Tools: Learning Academic Vocabulary as Language Acquisition

  title={Words as Tools: Learning Academic Vocabulary as Language Acquisition},
  author={W. Nagy and D. Townsend},
  journal={Reading Research Quarterly},
There is a growing awareness of the importance of academic vocabulary, and more generally, of academic language proficiency, for students’ success in school. There is also a growing body of research on the nature of the demands that academic language places on readers and writers, and on interventions to help students meet these demands. In this review, we discuss the role of academic vocabulary within academic language, examine recent research on instruction in academic vocabulary, considering… Expand
Academic Vocabulary: Explicit and Incidental Instruction for Students of Diverse Language Backgrounds
Abstract Vocabulary knowledge is a crucial element of reading comprehension. Academic vocabulary poses particular challenges for students and should be a focus of instruction, particularly forExpand
Engaging in vocabulary learning in science: the promise of multimodal instruction
ABSTRACT To a science ‘outsider’, science language often appears unnecessarily technical and dense. However, scientific language is typically used with the goal of being concise and precise, whichExpand
Academic Language Instruction for Students in Grades 4 Through 8: A Literature Synthesis
Abstract Academic language, which is characterized by the words and structure of the language of schooling, is an important teachable component of academic achievement. When compared to other strongExpand
A Survey Study on Academic Vocabulary Learning Strategies by EFL University Students
The development of the Academic Word List by Coxhead (2000) has drawn attention of the academia to teaching and learning academic vocabulary as well as the creation of more word lists for differentExpand
Academic Language Across Content Areas: Lessons From an Innovative Assessment and From Students' Reflections About Language
Educators are aware of the need to promote students' academic language to support text comprehension. Yet, besides teaching academic vocabulary, many educators continue to ask, What would thisExpand
Developing Students’ Vocabulary Knowledge in Content Subjects: A Computational Linguistic Approach
Undergraduate students are exposed to disciplinespecific lexis and concepts, particularly when studying in a second language. Current research suggests that most students find it difficult to fullyExpand
From Implicit Norms to Explicit Skills – Focusing on Danish Academic Vocabulary
Research shows that L1 as well as L2 and L3 students in Danish tertiary education struggle with acquiring the necessary academic language skills for studying in Danish. Research also shows a tendencyExpand
An Investigation of an Academic Vocabulary Intervention for Upper Elementary Students Who Struggle with Reading
The current study is a mixed-methods, action research study in which Word Generation (WG) resources were used with students in a learning support classroom. Word Generation is a cross-curricularExpand
Reading Comprehension Skill Development and Instruction for Adolescent English Language Learners: A Focus on Academic Vocabulary Instruction
This chapter describes the reading comprehension development of adolescent ELLs, and the nature of their difficulties in this domain. We first describe the ELL population in U.S. secondary schoolsExpand
The Vocabulary-Comprehension Relationship across the Disciplines: Implications for Instruction
The main purpose of vocabulary instruction is to enhance and support reading comprehension. This goal spans across the grade levels and different disciplines and is supported by a plethora ofExpand


Is There an "Academic Vocabulary"?
This article considers the notion of academic vocabulary: the assumption that students of English for academic purposes (EAP) should study a core of high frequency words because they are common in anExpand
The Challenge of Academic Language
What is considered in this chapter is academic language, the language used in school, in writing, in public, in formal settings, or, more specifically, academic English, which is referred to in the literature using a variety of terms. Expand
Academic vocabulary and middle school English learners: an intervention study
The goal of this experimental intervention study was to determine if evidence-based instructional strategies for general vocabulary words are effective with middle school English learner (EL)Expand
Teacher practices and perspectives for developing academic language
This study investigates the ways in which middle school teachers in the USA develop academic language in intermediate-level English learners who attend mainstream content classes. Analysis of fieldExpand
Understanding the Language Demands of Schooling: Nouns in Academic Registers
Developing academic, or school-based, literacy poses a significant challenge for many students, because the language through which academic subjects are presented is markedly different from theExpand
Evidence for the Importance of Academic Word Knowledge for the Academic Achievement of Diverse Middle School Students
Despite the current theoretical momentum for the importance of academic English and the acknowledgment that academic materials increase in complexity through the grades, little empirical attentionExpand
The Learning and Use of Academic English Words.
This article examines the learning and use of academic English words by students who differ socioculturally. It argues that the Graeco-Latin vocabulary of English, which dominates the language'sExpand
Reading in Secondary Content Areas: A Language-Based Pedagogy
This text book presents teachers, administrators, and researchers with a linguistic approach to teaching reading in different subject areas with a view that knowledge is constructed in and through language and that language changes with changes in knowledge. Expand
The Effects of Vocabulary Instruction: A Model-Based Meta-Analysis
This paper reports a meta-analysis of studies concerned with the effects of vocabulary instruction on the learning of word meanings and on comprehension. This analysis was used to examine twoExpand
Academic Language and the Challenge of Reading for Learning About Science
  • C. Snow
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Science
  • 2010
Students need help in learning academic vocabulary and how to process academic language if they are to become independent learners of science. Expand