Woody plant seedling distribution under invasive Lantana camara thickets in a dry-forest plot in Mudumalai, southern India

  title={Woody plant seedling distribution under invasive Lantana camara thickets in a dry-forest plot in Mudumalai, southern India},
  author={Geetha Ramaswami and Raman Sukumar},
  journal={Journal of Tropical Ecology},
  pages={365 - 373}
Abstract: Lantana camara, a shrub of Central and South American origin, has become invasive across dry forests worldwide. The effect of the thicket-forming habit of L. camara as a dispersal and recruitment barrier in a community of native woody seedlings was examined in a 50-ha permanent plot located in the seasonally dry forest of Mudumalai, southern India. Sixty 100-m2 plots were enumerated for native woody seedlings between 10–100 cm in height. Of these, 30 plots had no L. camara thickets… 
Landscape-scale relationships between the exotic invasive shrub Lantana camara and native plants in a tropical deciduous forest in southern India
  • A. Prasad
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of Tropical Ecology
  • 2011
Data suggest that, by association with grass decline and decreased recruitment of tree saplings, L. camara may be linked to the gradual transition of these tropical deciduous forests into exotic-dominated shrubland, and overall native biodiversity loss.
Performance of established native seedlings in relation to invasive Lantana camara, rainfall and species’ habitat preferences in a seasonally dry tropical forest
The overall relative height growth rate of established seedlings was found to be very low irrespective of the presence or absence of dense lantana, and overall seedling survival was high, increased with increasing rainfall and was higher for species with dry forest preference than for Species with moist forest preference.
Impact of the Invasive Weed Lantana camara (Verbenaceae) on Butterfly Behaviour and Habitat Use in a Tropical Forest in India.
Examination of the influence of an invasive plant, Lantana camara, on butterfly assemblages in a tropical forest in India found that butterflies showed substantial behavioural differences between lantana-dominated and native-vegetation plots, indicating a possiblity that the invaded patches were relatively less suitable for several butterfly activities.
Predicting the distribution and abundance of invasive plant species in a sub-tropical woodland-grassland ecosystem in northeastern India
Invasive plant species have become increasingly problematic in tropical and sub-tropical ecosystems, with the potential to decrease native plant diversity, increase fire occurrence, and cause
Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae) invasion along streams in a heterogeneous landscape
To understand the spatially variable environmental factors in a heterogeneous landscape influencing the distribution of lantana, a landscape-wide transect-based sampling strategy and a mixed effects modelling approach was used to understand the effects of distance from stream, a rainfall gradient, light availability and fire history on the distribution.
Invasive alien species in relation to edges and forest structure in tropical rainforest fragments of the Western Ghats
Densities of alien species in the protected site were lower than in the three disturbed fragments and the invasive alien species showed no clear presence in the highly disturbed site.
The association of Lantana camara with elephant (Elephas maximus), their food, habitat use and feeding behaviour in southern India
Invasive exotic species pose an enormous threat to the world's biological diversity. Invasions can alter native communities, replacing local biotas with non-indigenous species introduced by humans.
Functional Traits of Trees From Dry Deciduous “Forests” of Southern India Suggest Seasonal Drought and Fire Are Important Drivers
Comparisons of stem and leaf traits of trees from multiple sites across the southern Indian peninsula show that dry deciduous ‘forest’ species have, on average, lower height: diameter ratios, lower specific leaf areas, higher wood densities and higher relative bark thickness, than evergreen forest species.


The study concludes that the presence of lantana shrub as dense understorey perturbs the seedling recruitment of native tree species in the forest and this leads to differential depletion of native trees.
Impact of the invasive plant, Lantana camara, on bird assemblages at Malé Mahadeshwara Reserve Forest, South India
It is suggested that Lantana affects the structure of the bird community by decreasing diversity, and that Lantsana affects certain guilds more than others, including canopy birds and foraging guilds.
Tree population structure, regeneration and expected future composition at different levels of Lantana camara L. invasion in the Vindhyan tropical dry deciduous forest of India.
Lantana cover is suppressing regeneration and reducing availability of forest resources, which is of serious human concern.
Seedling recruitment patterns in a tropical dry forest in Ghana
The current seedling assemblage appears to be representative, in terms of composition and diversity, of the adult species assemblages at Pinkwae, Ghana, with many seedlings found to be rather large at the initial post-germination stage, with strong root development.
Diminished Plant Richness and Abundance Below Lonicera maackii, an Invasive Shrub
R richness of all species and richness and density of tree seedlings decreased in forests with longer residence time of L. maackii, and most individual taxa had lower abundance below the shrub.
Impact of the invasive alien grass Melinis minutiflora at the savanna‐forest ecotone in the Brazilian Cerrado
Exotic grasses are a serious threat to biodiversity in the cerrado savannas of central Brazil. Of particular concern is the possible role they may have in impeding tree regeneration at gallery
Long term monitering of vegetation in a tropical deciduous forest in Mudumalai, Southern India
The need for large plots to study vegetation dynamics in tropical vegetation dynamics is discussed, largely due to elephant and fire-mediated damage to Kydia calycina and Helicteres isora.
Impacts of the invasive exotic Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) D.C. on the native flora and soils of the UAE
The results indicated that P. juliflora ameliorated some soil characters, through significant pH reduction and increase in K, N and P and organic matters, Hence, plant diversity might be enhanced following eradication of P.
Changes in forest structure and species composition following invasion by a non-indigenous shrub, Amur honeysuckle (Lonicera maackii)
The data suggest that in many invaded sites, habitats are experiencing wholesale alterations in species composition, structure, and successional trajectory, and invasion may also change competitive interactions in forest understories as well as alter between-layer species linkages.