Woody and herbaceous competition effects on stand dynamics and growth of 13-yea ~ old natural , precommercially thinned loblolly and shortleaf pines

@inproceedings{Cain1999WoodyAH,
  title={Woody and herbaceous competition effects on stand dynamics and growth of 13-yea ~ old natural , precommercially thinned loblolly and shortleaf pines},
  author={Michael D. Cain},
  year={1999}
}
Stand dynamics of naturally regenerated, even-aged, loblo l ly p ines (Pinus tuedu L.) and shortleaf pines (I? echinata Mill .) were examined on the Upper Coastal Plain of southeastern Arkansas, U.S.A., following four levels of competi t ion control . Treatments included a check (Ck) with no competi t ion control , woody control (WC), herbaceous control (HC), and total control (TC) of nonpine vegetation. After pines became established from natural seeding, herbicides were used to control… CONTINUE READING