Wooden hutch space allowance influences male Holstein calf health, performance, daily lying time, and respiratory immunity.


Dairy calves in the western United States are commonly raised individually in wooden hutches with a space allowance of 1.23m(2)/calf. Recent legislative initiatives in California and across the United States were passed regarding concern over space allowance for farm animals. The objective of this study was to determine if rearing male Holstein calves in… (More)
DOI: 10.3168/jds.2016-10888


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