Wood substitution potential in greenhouse gas emission reduction–review on current state and application of displacement factors

@article{Myllyviita2021WoodSP,
  title={Wood substitution potential in greenhouse gas emission reduction–review on current state and application of displacement factors},
  author={Tanja Myllyviita and Sampo Soimakallio and J{\'a}chym Judl and Jyri Sepp{\"a}l{\"a}},
  journal={Forest Ecosystems},
  year={2021},
  volume={8},
  pages={1-18}
}
Background Replacing non-renewable materials and energy with wood offers a potential strategy to mitigate climate change if the net emissions of ecosystem and technosystem are reduced in a considered time period. Displacement factors (DFs) describe an emission reduction for a wood-based product or fuel which is used in place of a non-wood alternative. The aims of this review were to map and assess DFs from scientific literature and to provide findings on how to harmonise practices behind them… 
Closing an open balance: The impact of increased tree harvest on forest carbon
Fossil‐based emissions can be avoided by using wood in place of non‐renewable raw materials as energy and materials. However, wood harvest influences forest carbon stocks. Increased harvest may
Required displacement factors for evaluating and comparing climate impacts of intensive and extensive forestry in Germany
Background Forestry plays a major role in climate change mitigation. However, which intensity of logging is best suited for that task, remains controversial. We contribute to the debate by
Substitution impacts of wood use at the market level: a systematic review
There is strong evidence that wood-based products are typically associated with lower fossil-based emissions over their lifecycle than functionally equivalent products made from other materials.
The Missing Limb: Including Impacts of Biomass Extraction on Forest Carbon Stocks in Greenhouse Gas Balances of Wood Use
The global carbon neutrality challenge places a spotlight on forests as carbon sinks. However, greenhouse gas (GHG) balances of wood for material and energy use often reveal GHG emission savings in
The Missing Limb: Including Impacts of Biomass Extraction on Forest Carbon Stocks in GHG Balances of Wood Use
The global carbon neutrality challenge places a spotlight on forests as carbon sinks. However, greenhouse gas (GHG) balances of wood for material and energy use often reveal GHG emission savings in
Nordic forest management towards climate change mitigation: time dynamic temperature change impacts of wood product systems including substitution effects
Climate change mitigation trade-offs between increasing harvests to exploit substitution effects versus accumulating forest carbon sequestration complicate recommendations for climate beneficial
Study on the Estimation of Forest Volume Based on Multi-Source Data
We performed a comparative analysis of the prediction accuracy of machine learning methods and ordinary Kriging (OK) hybrid methods for forest volume models based on multi-source remote sensing data

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 115 REFERENCES
Modeling the CO2-effects of forest management and wood usage on a regional basis
TLDR
The following article analyses the overall contribution to climate protection made by the forest management and wood utilization through CO2-emissions reduction using an example from the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia based on long term study periods.
Climate Change Mitigation Challenge for Wood Utilization-The Case of Finland.
TLDR
According to this analysis, the wood utilization decrease net carbon emissions with a probability lower than 40% for each of the studied scenarios over 100 years from 2010 onward for Finland creates a major challenge for forest management practices and wood utilization activities in responding to ambitious climate change mitigation targets.
Estimating product and energy substitution benefits in national‐scale mitigation analyses for Canada
The potential of forests and the forest sector to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is widely recognized, but challenging to quantify at a national scale. Mitigation benefits through the use of
Assessing the greenhouse gas effects of harvested wood products manufactured from managed forests in Canada
We developed a life-cycle analysis (LCA) system to quantify the carbon dynamics for Canadian-made harvested wood products (HWP). We considered the carbon stocks of HWP in use and in landfills/dumps,
Life Cycle Impacts and Benefits of Wood along the Value Chain: The Case of Switzerland
Sustainable use of wood may contribute to coping with energy and material resource challenges. The goal of this study is to increase knowledge of the environmental effects of wood use by analyzing
...
...