Women and gender in the history of computing

  title={Women and gender in the history of computing},
  author={Janet Abbate},
  journal={IEEE Annals of the History of Computing},
  • J. Abbate
  • Published 1 October 2003
  • Computer Science
  • IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
history of computing from 18th-century human computers to 21st-century dot-com entrepreneurs. Their experiences have differed from men's in obvious and subtle ways. For women, choosing a career in computing has often meant ignoring cultural messages about appropriate gender roles as well as overt discrimination. They have had to make the most of limited educational and job options and balance the competing demands of work and family. Yet the similarities between the sexes may be even more… 
Computing the Role that Women Hold in the Technology and Computing Fields
This research was conducted as a thesis project to study what roles women have played in information technology over time, how those roles have changed over time, and what caused those roles to
Queens of Code
A collection of stories, experiences, and insights from women who worked in information technology at the National Security Agency (NSA) in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, to collect the stories of the agency’s women technology pioneers and recognize their contributions.
From subject of change to agent of change: women and IT in Brazil
Brazil has one of South America's largest information technology (IT) communities. One hundred million people voted electronically for President and congress in 2004, and 97 percent of all income tax
Only the Clothes Changed: Women Operators in British Computing and Advertising, 1950-1970
The relationship between advertising images of women used to sell data processing equipment and the early, feminized, data processing labor force in Great Britain is traced.
From Computing Girls to Data Processors: Women Assistants in the Rothamsted Statistics Department
The paper will provide a longue duree perspective (1920s–1990) on the work of the female assistants in the Rothamsted statistics department, addressing two distinct aspects: how the tasks of these women evolved with the computing technologies available in the department and the invisibility of these assistants.
The Military Model in I.T. and Computer Studies: A Violation against Women's Rights in Work and Education
It is argued that the philosophy in computer learning systems and the requirement of the labour market are connected with this model of informatics development through a military based model.
Only the Clothes Changed: Women Operators in British Computing and Advertising, 1950–1970
  • Marie Hicks
  • Economics
    IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
  • 2010
The use of women workers in early computing and advertising ironically may have hurt their long-term professional position in the field because it reflected, and helped shape, their role as low-cost,
Tedious: feminized labor in machine-readable cataloging
Abstract This essay examines previously unexplored IBM reports and manuals that document the development of Machine-Readable Cataloging (MARC) in the 1960s to understand gendered assumptions
Skill rebound: On an unintended effect of digitalization
The term skill rebound is proposed to denote the digitalization-induced lowered skill requirements needed to perform a specific activity, which leads to an increase in the activity in question and thus to rebound effects.


Pool halls, chips, and war games: women in the culture of computing
It is speculated that computing is neither inherently difficult nor uninteresting to girls, but rather that computer games and other software might have to be designed differently for girls.
Women in computing
The goal of this special section is to provide computer professionals with the information to understand the issues that women confront in their workplace and with the resources to successfully diversify their workplace.
From Virginia Dare to Virginia Slims: Women and Technology in American Life
When this topic-women and technology in American life-was first proposed to me as an appropriate subject for a bicentennial retrospective, I was puzzled by it. Was the female experience of
Women scientists in America : before affirmative action, 1940-1972
The acute manpower shortages brought on by the war seemed to hold out new hope for women professionals, especially in the sciences. In one of the first propaganda films produced by the United States
Gender and computing in retrospect: the case of Finland
Examines the cultures and professional practices of Finnish computing from the late 1950s to the early 1970s by using autobiographies of computing pioneers as well as the archive material of the
The Army and the Microworld: Computers and the Politics of Gender Identity
  • P. N. Edwards
  • Sociology
    Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
  • 1990
In contemporary America, computer work-programming, computer engineering, systems analysis-is more than a job. It is a major cultural practice, a large-scale social form that has created and
Women's Studies and Computer Science: Their Intersection
  • T. Estrin
  • Education
    IEEE Ann. Hist. Comput.
  • 1996
Feminist epistemology and its dedication to concrete learning introduce new ideas for gaining knowledge that will also make computer science more relevant for minority and low-income students.
Women in Computing: Historical Roles, the Perpetual Glass Ceiling, and Current Opportunities
A historical analysis of the entrance and role of women in the computing industry, a discussion on the existence and impact of the glass ceiling, and a detailed and informative collection of programs and opportunities established to abet women in succeeding in the industry are presented.
The Shoulders We Stand On and the View from Here: Historiography and Directions for Research
Our approaches to "gender and technology" are unabashedly interdisciplinary. Scholars studying technology and scholars explicating gender systems have provided us with a versatile set of tools for
Improbable Warriors: Women Scientists and the U.S. Navy in World War II
At the outbreak of World War II, four scientists left their comfortable college teaching positions to work for the government. Three served in uniform, the fourth oversaw contracts for the Navy. Such