Women's Underrepresentation in the U.S. Congress

@article{Sanbonmatsu2020WomensUI,
  title={Women's Underrepresentation in the U.S. Congress},
  author={Kira Sanbonmatsu},
  journal={Daedalus},
  year={2020},
  volume={149},
  pages={40-55}
}
Women's elective office-holding stands at an all-time high in the United States. Yet women are far from parity. This underrepresentation is surprising given that more women than men vote. Gender–as a feature of both society and politics–has always worked alongside race to determine which groups possess the formal and informal resources and opportunities critical for winning elective office. But how gender connects to office-holding is not fixed; instead, women's access to office has been shaped… 
1 Citations
Women’s Equality and the COVID-19 Caregiving Crisis
The COVID-19 pandemic revealed, but did not create, the caregiving crisis in the United States: for most people, it was already a major ordeal to provide reproductive labor. The caregiving crisis was

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 84 REFERENCES
Where Women Run: Gender and Party in the American States
  • T. Osborn
  • Political Science
    Perspectives on Politics
  • 2007
Where Women Run: Gender and Party in the American States. By Kira Sanbonmatsu. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2006. 264p. $70.00 cloth, $24.95 paper. In recent years, scholarship in the
Why so few (Republican) women? Explaining the partisan imbalance of women in the U.S. Congress
This article examines why the percentage of Democratic women in Congress has increased dramatically since the 1980s while the percentage of Republican women has barely grown. The central claim is
Why Women Don't Run
Abstract Women are dramatically underrepresented in all of America's elective political institutions. Previous research has demonstrated that once women choose to become candidates they not only
Whither Republican Women: The Growing Partisan Gap among Women in Congress
While the 2006 elections produced important gains for women's representation and power in Congress, they also exacerbated a troubling trend in American politics, the growing partisan gap. Twenty
“Righting” Conventional Wisdom: Women and Right Parties in Established Democracies
Parties are the key actors shaping women's representation in advanced parliamentary democracies. Based on traditional patterns of feminist organizing, conventional wisdom suggests that parties of the
The Candidacies of U.S. Women of Color for Statewide Executive Office
Scholarship on women of color in electoral politics is expanding. However, the relationship between political parties and the candidacies of women of color has largely been overlooked. Drawing on
When Are Women More Effective Lawmakers Than Men
Previous scholarship has demonstrated that female lawmakers differ from their male counterparts by engaging more fully in consensus-building activities. We argue that this behavioral difference does
One of Our Own: Black Female Candidates and The Voters Who Support Them
While the number of African-American elected officials has increased over the last four decades, Blacks remain underrepresented at all levels of government. Even more striking is the relatively small
Political Inclusion and Representation of Afrodescendant Women in Latin America
Women have gained access to elected office in record numbers in Latin America, and evidence suggests that they are acting to advance women’s rights (see, e.g., Schwindt-Bayer 2006, 2009; Htun et al.
The Intersection of Gender and Minority Status in National Legislatures: The Minority Women Legislative Index
To date, we are unaware to what extent gains in women's legislative representation have reached minority women. To facilitate cross-national research on minority women in politics, I present and
...
1
2
3
4
5
...