Women's Political Representation and Welfare State Spending in 12 Capitalist Democracies

@article{Bolzendahl2007WomensPR,
  title={Women's Political Representation and Welfare State Spending in 12 Capitalist Democracies},
  author={Catherine Bolzendahl and Clem Brooks},
  journal={Social Forces},
  year={2007},
  volume={85},
  pages={1509 - 1534}
}
One of the sharpest criticisms of welfare state research is insufficient attention to factors relating to gender relations and inequalities. Recent scholarship has begun to address welfare state effects on gender-related outcomes, but the evaluation of theories of welfare development with respect to gender factors is somewhat less developed, leaving open a number of important questions regarding gender as a mechanism behind welfare state development. Using established theoretical perspectives… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Welfare State and Representation: Do Women Make the Welfare State or Does the Welfare State Make Women Representatives?

The relationship between welfare states and women's representation in parliaments has been of great interest to scholars. However, different strands of the literature on gender and political

How Women's Political Representation affects Spending on Family Benefits

Abstract Recent research finds that women's political representation correlates with higher social expenditures. This paper makes two more specific predictions regarding family benefits. First, women

“Women Friendly” Spending? Welfare Spending and Women's Participation in the Economy and Politics

What effect do social welfare policies have on women's active involvement in the economy and politics? Though there is much policy and scholarly debate on a wide spectrum of socioeconomic and

Gender and Welfare States

Feminist scholars offer distinctive theoretical tools to conceptualize the relationship between gender relations and welfare states. Mainstream scholars have been responsive to this work,

Making the Implicit Explicit: Gender Influences on Social Spending in Twelve Industrialized Democracies, 1980–99

Despite the theoretical relevance of gender influences and a body of gender and feminist literature demonstrating the importance of changing gender relations on social policy, quantitative analyses

Gendered Representation and Critical Mass: Women’s Legislative Representation and Social Spending in 22 OECD Countries

To better understand the dynamics of representation of women’s interests such as public expenditure on healthcare, daycare, and education, this study examines statistical evidence for the notion of

Civil War and Trajectories of Change in Women’s Political Representation in Africa, 1985–2010

In recent decades, the expansion of women’s political representation in sub-Saharan Africa has been nothing short of remarkable. The number of women legislators in African parliaments tripled between

Women’s representation and government welfare spending in Indonesia 1970—2020

Women’s participation in decision-making process is imperative in achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs), as their representation will improve the quality of development in the society.

Path Shifting of the Welfare State: Electoral Competition and the Expansion of Work-Family Policies in Western Europe

What explains the surprising growth of work-family policies in several West European countries? Much research on the welfare state emphasizes its institutional stickiness and immunity to major

Gender and the Politics of Death: Female Representation, Political and Developmental Context, and Population Health in a Cross-National Panel

This article draws on theoretical work on the politics of representation to frame an investigation of whether increases in the percentage of females in a country’s parliament influence mortality rates, and whether the relationship is conditioned by extent of democracy and economic and social development.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 108 REFERENCES

Collective identities, women's power resources, and the making of welfare states

Over the past several years, we have seen a surge of research and publications on gender and welfare statism,2 as a response to a decade of feminist criticism to the "gender blind syndrome" in the

Gender Inequality in Political Representation: A Worldwide Comparative Analysis

We examine the determinants of cross-national variation in the share ofparliamentary seats held by women in 1998. Thefindings ofprior research on this issue have differed sharply. Studiesfocusing on

Does Women's Representation in Elected Office Lead to Women-Friendly Policy? Analysis of State-Level Data

Abstract This project assesses the relationship between women's representation and women-friendly policies across the states while controlling for several factors, including voter turnout,

Women and Social Policies

This chapter examines the development of social policies for women in Europe with particular reference to the four countries of Britain, Germany, Spain and Sweden. In Chapter 3 we discussed the

Partisan governance, women's employment, and the social democratic service state

The causes of the expansion and cross-national variation in the provision of welfare state goods and services are examined. Social democratic governance is by far the most important determinant of

Women's Political Representation: The Importance of Ideology

Women's low rate of participation at the highest levels of politics is an enduring problem in gender stratification. Previous cross-national research on women in national legislatures has stressed

Women's representation and development assistance: A cross-national study

Does women’s representation affect the state’s emphasis on development assistance? Earlier studies have found gender differences in foreign policy preferences. This study builds on that literature

Gender, the Welfare State, and Public Employment: A Comparative Study of Seven Industrialized Countries

This paper explores the influence of government employment on the gender gap in earnings in seven countries, using data from the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS). The size of the public sector and

Women as Agents in Welfare State Development: A Cross-National Analysis of Family Allowance Adoption

While comparative case studies have examined the importance of women as agents in creating and transforming the welfare state, and cross-national research has confirmed that women's labour force

Gender and party politics

Book synopsis: How have the political parties of the liberal democratic states responded to women's demands for political representation? To answer this question, the authors examine 11 democratic
...