Women’s Fertility Autonomy in Urban China: The Role of Couple Dynamics Under the Universal Two-Child Policy

  title={Women’s Fertility Autonomy in Urban China: The Role of Couple Dynamics Under the Universal Two-Child Policy},
  author={Yue Qian and Yongai Jin},
  journal={Chinese Sociological Review},
  pages={275 - 309}
Abstract Under China’s universal two-child policy, decisions about whether to have a second birth become more dynamic, flexible, and subject to negotiation between the spouses; moreover, how women can maintain their fertility autonomy has far-reaching implications for gender equality. Using valuable, new data from the 2016 Survey of the Fertility Decision-Making Processes in Chinese Families, we examine the relationship between couple dynamics and women’s fertility autonomy in urban China. If… 
Fertility cultures and childbearing desire after the Two-Child Policy: evidence from southwest China
Early work on China’s Two-Child Policy identified cost as a major disincentive to having a second child, but financial constraints may work in tandem with cultural factors to shape childbearing
Power Relations in Reproductive Decisions Under the Transforming Family Planning Policy in China
China’s family planning policy has had a profound influence on individuals and families for the past 30 years. The universal two-child policy implemented in 2016 is its most relaxed form. The
Family status and women’s career mobility during urban China’s economic transition
This study is one of the few empirical studies to attempt to explain the widening gender gap in China’s job market from the perspective of family using the two-sphere separation framework.
New Gender Dynamics in Post-Reform China: Family, Education, and Labor Market
Abstract This introduction paper briefly discusses the five empirical paper and the theoretical theme that organize these papers for the special issue of “New Gender Dynamics in Post-reform China.”
Chinese Fertility: Past, Present And Future
China has witnessed profound socioeconomic changes over the past four decades. This dissertation is comprised of three papers that investigate the demographic, social, and economic determinants of
From Motherhood Premium to Motherhood Penalty? Heterogeneous Effects of Motherhood Stages on Women’s Economic Outcomes in Urban China
  • Meng Zhao
  • Economics
    Population Research and Policy Review
  • 2018
Chinese women have reached a high level of labor force participation before China’s deepening economic reform starting from the early 1990s, while women’s deteriorating position in the labor market
Women’s “Gender Capital” Experiences in Conjugal Housing Consumption: Understanding a New Pattern of Gender Inequality in China
Abstract This article looks into the phenomenon that many women request men to provide a house for marriage in contemporary Chinese society. Going beyond explanations such as that the skewed sex
Chinese childbearing decision-making in mainland China in the post-one-child-policy era.
In 2016, China enacted its two-child policy, further lifted to a three-child policy in 2021, in response to low birth rates and imbalanced sex ratios resulting from the almost 40-year one-child
An Analysis of the Impacts of Universal Two-Child Policy on Urban Women’s Career Development in China: Taking 420 Professional Women in Shenyang City as the Sample
Since January 2016, the universal two-child policy has been implemented in China, which is of great significance for balancing the sex ratio of newborns, and alleviating labor shortages and ageing
The Positive Effect of Women’s Education on Fertility in Low-Fertility China
  • Shuangye Chen
  • Economics
    European journal of population = Revue europeenne de demographie
  • 2022
Despite pervasive evidence of more educated women having lower fertility, it remains unclear whether education reduces women’s fertility. This study presents new evidence of the causal effect of


Transition in second birth intention in a low fertility context: the case of Jiangsu, China
ABSTRACT When China’s decades-long one-child policy was replaced by a two-child policy, the circumstances under which women intend to have a second child become of great concern. This study examines
Women's autonomy, women's status and fertility-related behavior in Zimbabwe
Using a DHS sample of 3,701 married black African women from Zimbabwe, a look at women who have no say in major purchases, whether they should work outside the home, and the number of children.
Do parents matter? Intergenerational ties and fertility preferences in a low-fertility context
Using data from the Jiangsu Fertility Intention and Behavior Study (JFIBS), this study examines multidimensional influences of intergenerational ties on married women’s intended and ideal family size
Fertility Decline and Women's Status Improvement in China
The literature typically treats fertility reduction in developing countries as a result of women's status improvement, based on the assumption that women have greater decision-making power on
Couple disagreement about short-term fertility desires in Austria: Effects on intentions and contraceptive behaviour
BACKGROUND Because of the dyadic nature of reproduction, the couple is the most suitable context for studying reproductive decision-making. OBJECTIVE I investigate the effects of couple disagreement
Husbands’ versus wives’ fertility goals and use of contraception: The influence of gender context in five Asian countries
Using data from Pakistan, India, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Philippines, we explore how gender context influences (1) husband-wife concordance in the demand for children and (2) the impact of each
Unequal Care, Unequal Work: Toward a more Comprehensive Understanding of Gender Inequality in Post-Reform Urban China
Over the last four decades, as China has transitioned from a socialist centralized economy to a productivity-and-efficiency-oriented market economy, so too have the country’s public and private
Differences between Women's and Men's Reproductive Goals in Developing Countries
Clearer understanding of the impact of gender on reproductive decision making is important for the formulation of family planning policy in developing countries. In general gender differences in
Diverging fortunes: The evolution of gender wage gaps for singles, couples, and parents in China, 1989–2009
Since the 1980s, social scientists working in China have raised questions about whether market transition could harm the relative position of women in the workplace. However, little work has been
Women’s Work, Autonomy, and Birth Control: Evidence From Two South Indian Villages
In this study we contrast two South Indian villages which offer women very different employment opportunities. Many women in Village I roll beedis, which are crude hand-rolled cigarettes. The