Wolves outperform dogs in following human social cues

@article{Udell2008WolvesOD,
  title={Wolves outperform dogs in following human social cues},
  author={Monique A R Udell and Nicole R. Dorey and Clive D L Wynne},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={2008},
  volume={76},
  pages={1767-1773}
}
Domestic dogs, Canis familiaris, have been shown capable of finding hidden food by following pointing gestures made with different parts of the human body. However, previous studies have reported that hand-reared wolves, C. lupus, fail to locate hidden food in response to similar points in the absence of extensive training. The failure of wolves to perform this task has led to the proposal that the ability to understand others' intentions is a derived character in dogs, not present in the… 

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