Wolbachia: A Tale of Sex and Survival

  title={Wolbachia: A Tale of Sex and Survival},
  author={Carl Zimmer},
  pages={1093 - 1095}
  • C. Zimmer
  • Published 2001
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Science
By manipulating the sex lives of its hosts, the ubiquitous bacterium Wolbachia --perhaps the most common infectious bacterium on Earth--boosts its own reproductive success. Although no vertebrates (humans included) are known to carry Wolbachia , it is rampant in the invertebrate world, showing up in everything from fruit flies to shrimp, spiders, and even parasitic worms and turning the study of Wolbachia into a cottage industry among evolutionary biologists. Researchers suspect that… Expand
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An updated account of the occurrence, identification, phylogeny and genetics, phenotypic effects, distribution, mechanisms of action, horizontal transmission, infection dynamics, evolutionary consequences and biocontrol implications of the Wolbachia are presented. Expand
The Wolbachia Symbiont: Here, There and Everywhere.
In mosquitos, Wolbachia inhibit RNA viral infections, leading to populational reductions in human RNA virus pathogens, whereas in filarial nematodes, their requirement for worm fertility and survival has been channeled into their use as drug targets for filariasis control. Expand
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The rise to prominence of the bacterium Wolbachia has been quite remarkable. Whilst it was first described as an intracellular bacterium of mosquito hosts in the 1930s (Hertig and Wolbach 1924;Expand
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Evolution of Sexuality: Biology and Behavior
The phenotypic plasticity of sex determination in animals suggests that the central nervous system and reproductive tract may not reach the same endpoint on the continuum between the authors' stereotypic male and female extremes. Expand
Mapping the presence of Wolbachia pipientis on the phylogeny of filarial nematodes: evidence for symbiont loss during evolution.
Wolbachia pipientis is a bacterial endosymbiont associated with arthropods and filarial nematodes. In filarial nematodes, W. pipientis has been shown to play an important role in the biology of theExpand
Wolbachia-Induced Mortality as a Mechanism to Modulate Pathogen Transmission by Vector Arthropods
The results indicate that a broadening of the current paradigm for genetic manipulation of vectors to parameters other than arthropod vector competence is justified and will reveal new research possibilities for vector-borne disease control. Expand
Culture-Independent Characterization of the Microbiota of the Ant Lion Myrmeleon mobilis (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae)
  • A. Dunn, E. Stabb
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Applied and Environmental Microbiology
  • 2005
Results represent the first culture-independent analysis of the microbiota associated with a discontinuous insect gut and suggest that the ant lion microbial community is relatively simple, which may be a reflection of the diet and gut physiology of these insects. Expand