Wolbachia: A Tale of Sex and Survival

  title={Wolbachia: A Tale of Sex and Survival},
  author={Carl Zimmer},
  pages={1093 - 1095}
By manipulating the sex lives of its hosts, the ubiquitous bacterium Wolbachia --perhaps the most common infectious bacterium on Earth--boosts its own reproductive success. Although no vertebrates (humans included) are known to carry Wolbachia , it is rampant in the invertebrate world, showing up in everything from fruit flies to shrimp, spiders, and even parasitic worms and turning the study of Wolbachia into a cottage industry among evolutionary biologists. Researchers suspect that… 

Wolbachia-mediated reproductive alterations in invertebrate hosts and biocontrol implications of the bacteria: an update

An updated account of the occurrence, identification, phylogeny and genetics, phenotypic effects, distribution, mechanisms of action, horizontal transmission, infection dynamics, evolutionary consequences and biocontrol implications of the Wolbachia are presented.

The Wolbachia Symbiont: Here, There and Everywhere.

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Wolbachia was discovered to be an essential partner of filarial nematodes, and some of the symptoms of filariasis are in fact a response to the symbiont rather than the worm (Saint Andre et al. 2002).

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Evolution of Sexuality: Biology and Behavior

The phenotypic plasticity of sex determination in animals suggests that the central nervous system and reproductive tract may not reach the same endpoint on the continuum between the authors' stereotypic male and female extremes.

Wolbachia-Induced Mortality as a Mechanism to Modulate Pathogen Transmission by Vector Arthropods

The results indicate that a broadening of the current paradigm for genetic manipulation of vectors to parameters other than arthropod vector competence is justified and will reveal new research possibilities for vector-borne disease control.

Culture-Independent Characterization of the Microbiota of the Ant Lion Myrmeleon mobilis (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae)

Results represent the first culture-independent analysis of the microbiota associated with a discontinuous insect gut and suggest that the ant lion microbial community is relatively simple, which may be a reflection of the diet and gut physiology of these insects.

Predicting distributions of Wolbachia strains through host ecological contact—Who's manipulating whom?

A novel framework for understanding arthropod speciation as mediated by Wolbachia, a microbial endosymbiont capable of causing host cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI), is presented and it is demonstrated that a rules‐based algorithm accurately predicts Wolbachian infection status.