With All Deliberate Speed: The Reversal of Court-Ordered School Desegregation, 1970–20131

  title={With All Deliberate Speed: The Reversal of Court-Ordered School Desegregation, 1970–20131},
  author={Jeremy E. Fiel and Yongjun Zhang},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  pages={1685 - 1719}
The retrenchment of court-ordered school desegregation has been more variable and incomplete than often acknowledged, challenging common accounts that blame changes in federal policy and legal precedent. This study supplements these accounts by examining local factors that influenced whether and when desegregation orders were dismissed between 1970 and 2013. After accounting for federal policy changes and districts’ variable success in desegregating schools, several ostensibly race-neutral… 

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