Wise up: Clarifying the role of metacognition in the Dunning-Kruger effect.

  title={Wise up: Clarifying the role of metacognition in the Dunning-Kruger effect.},
  author={Robert D. McIntosh and Elizabeth A. Fowler and Tian-hu Lyu and Sergio Della Sala},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. General},
The Dunning-Kruger effect (DKE) is the finding that, across a wide range of tasks, poor performers greatly overestimate their ability, whereas top performers make more accurate self-assessments. The original account of the DKE involves the idea that metacognitive insight requires the same skills as task performance, so that unskilled people perform poorly and lack insight. However, global measures of self-assessment are prone to statistical and other biases that could explain the same pattern… 

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  • D. Simons
  • Psychology
    Psychonomic bulletin & review
  • 2013
The finding of a Dunning–Kruger effect despite knowledge of relative ability suggests that differential self-knowledge is not a necessary precondition for the Dunning-K Kruger effect.
The Dunning–Kruger Effect