Wisdom in Context

@article{Grossmann2017WisdomIC,
  title={Wisdom in Context},
  author={Igor Grossmann},
  journal={Perspectives on Psychological Science},
  year={2017},
  volume={12},
  pages={233 - 257}
}
  • I. Grossmann
  • Published 2017
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Perspectives on Psychological Science
Philosophers and psychological scientists have converged on the idea that wisdom involves certain aspects of thinking (e.g., intellectual humility, recognition of uncertainty and change), enabling application of knowledge to life challenges. Empirical evidence indicates that people’s ability to think wisely varies dramatically across experiential contexts that they encounter over the life span. Moreover, wise thinking varies from one situation to another, with self-focused contexts inhibiting… Expand
Wisdom and How to Cultivate It: Review of Emerging Evidence for a Constructivist Model of Wise Thinking
Some folk beliefs characterize wisdom as an essence – a set of immutable characteristics, developing as a consequence of an innate potential and extraordinary life experiences. Emerging empiricalExpand
Wisdom is a social-ecological rather than person-centric phenomenon.
TLDR
It is proposed that understanding the processes underlying practical wisdom requires a social-ecological framework, supported by emerging empirical insights, that is enriching the understanding and exploration of practical wisdom as a mental process and an ecological asset for societies at large. Expand
The Science of Wisdom in a Polarized World: Knowns and Unknowns
Abstract Interest in wisdom in the cognitive sciences, psychology, and education has been paralleled by conceptual confusions about its nature and assessment. To clarify these issues and promoteExpand
The New Science of Practical Wisdom
TLDR
This essay provides an understanding of wisdom as a scientific construct, based on empirical research starting in the 1970s, and places a greater emphasis on promoting wisdom through the authors' educational systems from elementary to professional schools. Expand
Wisdom, Bias, and Balance: Toward a Process-Sensitive Measurement of Wisdom-Related Cognition
TLDR
Results of a large-scale psychometric investigation revealed that the novel Situated WIse Reasoning Scale (SWIS) is reliable and appears independent of psychological biases, whereas global wisdom reports are subject to such biases. Expand
The Practical Applications of Self-Transcendent Wisdom
Practical wisdom is focused on sound decisions to promote a good life, while self-transcendent wisdom focuses on making ethical decisions for the greater good. Self-transcendence develops throughExpand
A pathway for wisdom-focused education
ABSTRACT Interest in the topic of wisdom-focused education has so far not resulted in empirically validated programs for teaching wisdom. To start filling this void, we explore the emerging empiricalExpand
Phronesis (Practical Wisdom) as a Type of Contextual Integrative Thinking
Coinciding with the recent psychological attention paid to the broad topic of wisdom, interest in the intellectual virtue of phronesis or practical wisdom has been burgeoning within pockets ofExpand
Wisdom in a complex world: A situated account of wise reasoning and its development
Social issues (e.g., partisan politics, economic decisions, interpersonal conflicts) often involve trade-offs, necessitating the consideration of multiple interests. Such issues do not have simpleExpand
Beyond Wisdom and Virtue
It is argued that there is presently a theoretical confusion in psychology between the concepts of personal wisdom and moral virtue, a confusion not present in traditional religious and philosophicalExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 272 REFERENCES
Wisdom as a Classical Source of Human Strength: Conceptualization and Empirical Inquiry
Wisdom has been conceptualized as: (1) a rare, highly exercised and developed form of cognitive expertise about the domain of human affairs that allows for multiple conduits or (2) a constellation ofExpand
Psychological wisdom research: commonalities and differences in a growing field.
TLDR
The growth and scope of psychological wisdom research over the past few decades demonstrate that it is possible to investigate this complex construct with empirical rigor. Expand
Running Head: CULTURE AND THOUGHT Culture and Systems of Thought: Holistic vs. Analytic Cognition
We propose a theory of how systems of thought arise on the basis of differing cultural practices and argue that the theory accounts for substantial differences in East Asian and Western thoughtExpand
The Two Faces of Wisdom: Wisdom as a General Theory of Knowledge and Judgment about Excellence in Mind and Virtue vs. Wisdom as Everyday Realization in People and Products
There are several legitimate ways of conceptualizing and studying wisdom. One is largely informed by Western philosophy and treats wisdom as an analytic theory of expert knowledge, judgment, andExpand
From causal thinking to wisdom and spirituality: some perspectives on a growing research field in adult (cognitive) development
This article concentrates on the latest international trends in the research on psychological development of adults, and especially on the development of cognition. The field of research has beenExpand
The Fascination of Wisdom: Its Nature, Ontogeny, and Function
  • P. Baltes, Jacqui Smith
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2008
TLDR
The Berlin Wisdom Paradigm is focused on, which was one of the first attempts to bring wisdom into the laboratory and would profit from interdisciplinary collaboration and creative application of new methods drawn from developmental, social, and cognitive psychology. Expand
Wiser But Not Sadder, Blissful But Not Ignorant: Exploring the Co-Development of Wisdom and Well-Being Over Time
For thousands of years, philosophers have argued that wisdom makes the good life possible. Yet, paradoxically, the development of wisdom has been strongly associated with difficult lifeExpand
Research in culture and psychology: past lessons and future challenges.
TLDR
This work outlines a set of new challenges for culture and psychology using two dominant concepts-independent versus interdependent social orientation and analytic versus holistic cognitive style and proposes that future research on culture and Psychology is more exciting than ever. Expand
Wisdom and Aging.
Publisher Summary This examines the philosophical roots of psychological theories on wisdom, and discusses recent developments in theorizing on wisdom. Attention is paid to the development andExpand
Culture and systems of thought: holistic versus analytic cognition.
The authors find East Asians to be holistic, attending to the entire field and assigning causality to it, making relatively little use of categories and formal logic, and relying on "dialectical"Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...