Wisdom as Expert Knowledge System: A Critical Review of a Contemporary Operationalization of an Ancient Concept

  title={Wisdom as Expert Knowledge System: A Critical Review of a Contemporary Operationalization of an Ancient Concept},
  author={Monika Ardelt},
  journal={Human Development},
  pages={257 - 285}
  • M. Ardelt
  • Published 7 September 2004
  • Philosophy
  • Human Development
Paul B. Baltes and his colleagues, who are among the most prominent contemporary wisdom researchers, define wisdom as ‘expert knowledge in the domain fundamental pragmatics of life.’ By contrast, this article argues that the definition, operationalization, and measurement of wisdom should not be reduced to expertise and that the term wisdom should be reserved for wise persons rather than expert knowledge. In fact, evidence from their research confirms that Baltes et al. primarily assess expert… 

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