Winteraceous Pollen in the Lower Cretaceous of Israel: Early Evidence of a Magnolialean Angiosperm Family

  title={Winteraceous Pollen in the Lower Cretaceous of Israel: Early Evidence of a Magnolialean Angiosperm Family},
  author={James W. Walker and Gilbert J. Brenner and Audrey G. Walker},
  pages={1273 - 1275}
Pollen of the primitive angiosperm family Winteraceae has been discovered in the Aptian-Albian of Israel, extending the fossil record of this phylogenetically important family of flowering plants from the uppermost Upper Cretaceous back some 40 million years to the upper Lower Cretaceous. This appears to represent the earliest known record of a magnolialean angiosperm family and is convincing evidence for the existence in the Early Cretaceous of an extant family of angiosperms. 

A Winteraceae pollen tetrad from the early Paleocene of western Greenland, and the fossil record of Winteraceae in Laurasia and Gondwana

Winteraceae comprise c. 130 species in seven genera, with the greatest species diversity in the Pacific (Pseudowintera, Zygogynum), Australia (Bubbia, Tasmannia), New Guinea (Belliolum, Bubbia,

Evolutionary trends in Winteraceae pollen

The Winteraceae, being considered as one of the most basal angiosperm families, has been extensively studied palynologically and the fossil record supports the apomorphic state of a small-meshed tectum.

An early record of a vesselless angiosperm from the middle Cenomanian of the Envigne valley (Vienne, Western France)

Thousands of silicified wood fragments were recently collected from the middle Cenomanian of Vienne in western France at less than 10 km away from a historical locality where in 1870 the French

Pollen morphology ofLactoridaceae

The pollen wall ultrastructure of the primitive AngiospermLactoris fernandezianaPhil. (Lactoridaceae) is described. The monosulcate aperture, granular wall structure and sacci (all primitive

Quantitative analyses of the early angiosperm radiation

Comparative trends in systematic diversity suggest competitive displacement of cycadophytes and pteridophytes by angiosperms, but current evidence is not sufficient to exclude the probability of a more complex basis for mid-Cretaceous floristic change.

Recognising angiosperm clades in the Early Cretaceous fossil record

  • J. Doyle
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2015
Associated flowers indicate that palmately lobed ‘platanoids’ and Sapindopsis are both stem relatives of Platanus, while Nelumbites was related to Nelumbo (also Proteales) and Spanomera to Buxaceae.

Fossil Evidence for the Evolution of Biotic Pollination

Advanced floral types in M aastrichtian and early Tertiary deposits are consistent with the appearance of meliponine Apideae (Stingless honeybees) in the late Cretaceous.

Winteraceae pollen from the miocene of the southwestern cape (south africa)

Abstract Terrestrial back barrier deposits at Noordhoek on the Cape Peninsula contain microfossil assemblages of Miocene age which reveal the presence of extinct pollen taxa of considerable interest.

The origin of angiosperms: New and old problems.

  • V. Krassilov
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Trends in ecology & evolution
  • 1991



Reproductive and Vegetative Morphology of a Cretaceous Angiosperm

Recent collections from plant-bearing deposits of Cenomanian age in central Kansas have yielded angiosperm axes with helically arranged, seed-bearing, conduplicate carpels, which provide a rare opportunity to study the morphology of an ancientAngiosperm and illustrate the antiquity of certain features considered primitive by comparative angios sperm morphologists.


A molluscan fauna from the so-called "first marine intercalation" of the Makhtesh Gadol (The Great Cirque) or Wadi Hathira is recorded. This fauna points to the early Albian age of the deposit. In


It is suggested that persons undertaking light microscope studies of unstained, acetolyzed pollen grains adopt the morphological terms sexine-nexine in describing pollen wall layers while restricting their use of the chemically defined terms ektexine-endexine largely to pollen studies carried out with the transmission electron microscope.

A revised system of classification of the angiosperms

A new system of classification of the angiosperms is presented, shown as a two-dimensional diagram or frame-work, but differs in numerous major and minor features.

Measurements were made at the NSF Regional Accelerator Facility at the University of Arizona

    16. , ibid

    • Nuclear and Chemical Dating Techniques: Interpreting the Environmental Record
    • 1980

    Early Man in America from a 12

    • J. L. Bischoff and R. J. Rosenbauer
    • 1981