Winter fine particulate matter from Milan induces morphological and functional alterations in human pulmonary epithelial cells (A549).

@article{Gualtieri2009WinterFP,
  title={Winter fine particulate matter from Milan induces morphological and functional alterations in human pulmonary epithelial cells (A549).},
  author={Maurizio Gualtieri and Paride Mantecca and Viviana Corvaja and Eleonora Longhin and Maria Grazia Perrone and Ezio Bolzacchini and Marina Camatini},
  journal={Toxicology letters},
  year={2009},
  volume={188 1},
  pages={52-62}
}
Samples of PM(2.5) were gravimetrically collected during the winter 2005/2006 in the urban area of Milan (North Italy). Samples were chemically characterized and the particles were detached from filters to determine their cytotoxic effects on the A549 cell line. Based on the potential toxicological relevance of its components, Milan winter PM(2.5) contained high concentrations of pro-oxidant transition metals and PAHs, while re-suspended particles showed a relatively high frequency of… CONTINUE READING

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